Ethiopia’s Conflict: A War Won to Preserve the Nation-State
December 1, 2020 | 0 Comments
By Lawrence Freeman*
Today, the Ethiopian government is reporting that the National Defense Forces have taken control of city of Mikelle, the capital city of Tigray, as well as the airport. This portends the effective defeat of the opposition forces that violently rebelled against the nation over three weeks ago, and the liberation of the Tigray region
Notwithstanding criticisms by some spectators, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed was obligated to respond with force to safeguard the sovereignty of Ethiopia, in a similar manner to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln’s all-out war to preserve the Union. The nation-state, which Prime Minister Abiy was defending, is not a coalition or association of separate states or semi-autonomous regions. Rather it is a unique sovereign concept of self-governing that transcends various ethnic or religious beliefs. The nation-state is uniquely required to serve all its citizens and ensure the posterity of its people. That is why throughout history, bloody wars have been fought to preserve the precious nation-state above all other considerations. The military conflict was not a civil war, but more precisely, it was a war to preserve the integrity of the Ethiopian nation.
Prime Minister Abiy launched the now victorious military campaign against the leadership of the TPLF (Tigray People’s Liberation Front), not against the people of Tigray. The immediate cause for the government’s offensive was in response to an early morning attack by the TPLF on November 4, on the Northern Command post of Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) located in Mekelle. This assault, which murdered many soldiers and seized equipment and ammunition, was deemed by the Ethiopian government, as “crossing the red line.” The government was compelled to respond with full force to safe the nation. No nation could continue to exist if it allowed its armed forces to be slaughtered. A six month state of emergency for the Tigray region was declared by the Council of Ministers on November 6. The stated intent of the government is to arrest and bring to justice a small “TPLF criminal clique” that has been funding and mobilizing to destabilize the nation.” (1)
TPLF Rejects Abiy’s Reform
To understand the underlying origin for this conflict requires reviewing the modern history of Ethiopia. In 1991, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of forces, overthrew the fascist-Marxist Derg regime and took over control of the government of Ethiopia. For the next twenty-seven years, the TPLF not only governed the northern Tigray region, but as well, exerted unparalleled influence over the central government and the other ethnic regions of the country.
A year after he was selected by the EPRDF to become the new prime minister in April 2018, Prime Minister Abiy initiated a democratic-reform process that included replacing the countries narrowly focused ethno-national parties with a new nation-wide Prosperity Party. Three regional parties that were part of the EPRDF coalition joined the new Prosperity Party as equals, in effect dissolving the EPRDF. However, the TPLF refused to accept losing its dominant political power. It voluntarily declined to join the new party, leaving the TPLF isolated with weakened political power.
Ethiopia’s constitution and its federation of a central government coexisting with regional ethnic states was formed as a compromise to various ethnic-nationalities that historically had been marginalized. This dubious arrangement indicates the ethnic pressures prevalent in Ethiopia, which must be overcome to unify the nation. Consideration should be given to modifying the constitution following next year’s national elections. It is now imperative to reinforce a national Ethiopian identity that transcends ethnic-nationalism. This is what Prime Minister Abiy intended with his reforms and the creation of the non-ethnic Prosperity Party. (Read: Ethiopia’s Prosperity Party: A Revolutionary Necessity). Confronted by open rebellion from the TPLF leadership, Prime Minister Abiy had no choice but to respond forcefully, otherwise the very existence of Ethiopia would be put in danger.
In harmony with his Medemer philosophy, Prime Minister Abiy proclaimed that all Ethiopians should accept responsibility for their past offenses, and all should be forgiven. He embraced the belief that the slate should be wiped clean of the past, in order for Ethiopian society to unite in a common pursuit of prosperity for all. (2)
Without concern for the future of Ethiopia, the TPLF rejected Prime Minister Abiy’s outlook and proceeded to commence an open rebellion against the Ethiopian nation.
Abiy Acted to Preserve Ethiopia
Prior to attacking the soldiers of the ENDF in Mekelle, which the TPLF viewed as a foreign army, the TPLF disregarded national election law. After Ethiopia’s elected government-the House of People’s Representatives-postponed national elections in March of this year due to circumstances resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, the TPLF conducted its own illegal elections in Tigray in September, violating the nation’s decree.
Prime Minister Abiy charged the TPLF leadership of trying to derail his transition, making the country ungovernable by instigating religious and ethnic conflicts, and inciting violence against the central government in Addis Ababa.
Although, Prime Minister Abiy is an Oromo, and is the first non-Tigrayan to become prime minister since 1991, he is acting in the interest of all Ethiopians, not simply or narrowly on behalf of his ethnic origin. If, Prime Minister Abiy were to allow the TPLF to defy federal law and initiate an armed attack on the defense forces of the federal government without responding as he has, this would encourage other ethno-separatist movements to flout the authority of the nation. Thus, contrary to what people may have wanted to believe, Prime Minister Abiy’s military campaign to subdue the reckless TPLF leadership, was the best way to prevent the conflict from becoming a civil war.
Bronwyn Bruton of the DC based, Atlantic Council Africa Center, argued that intuitive calls for negotiations endangered the future of Ethiopia. In her blog post Ethiopia: Calls for Negotiation Are Driving Ethiopia Deeper Into War, written before the defeat of the TPLF, she wrote:
“The most effective means of discouraging the continuation of this conflict is to finally put pressure on TPLF leaders…to stand down…in the interest of protecting the local population. Abiy urgently needs to be persuaded that he can rely on the international community–and not only his army–to ensure that the TPLF will be prevented from returning to power. Counterintuitively, the fastest way for the international community to do that is to stop calling for negotiations, and to start demanding accountability for the TPLF.
Calling for negotiations, as so many are advocating, will only encourage TPLF leaders to believe that violence will permit them to fight their way to a bigger chair at the table. That is not only a losing strategy in Ethiopia–it sets up an extraordinarily dangerous precedent for the next armed insurgency that wants to challenge central authority.”
Ethiopia, East Africa’s leader in economic development and a key nation providing stability to the Horn of Africa. There are confirmed reports that the TPLF fired missiles across the border into Eretria, and on the Bahir and Gondar airports in Amhara, Ethiopia. Thus, it is clear that the TPLF posed an immediate danger not only to Ethiopia, but to the entire region, and had to be defeated.
Lincoln Waged War to Save the Union
U.S. history records a troubled and dangerous time when the Army of the Federal Government came under attack.
Six weeks after Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States on November 6, 1860, South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20, and demanded the removal of all federal troops. On December 26, 1860, Major Robert Anderson of the U.S Army in South Carolina, moved his 68 troops into Fort Sumter, an island in the Charleston Harbor. Immediately following his inauguration on March 4, 1861, President Lincoln was confronted with the threat of the dissolution of the United States. South Carolina, one of seven states that formed the Southern Confederacy on February 8, 1861, insisted that the Federal Fort Sumter belonged to them, and commenced a siege around the beleaguered federal troops. President Lincoln had to make the most momentous decision of his two week old presidency, which he knew would impact the very existence of the United States; whether to send supplies to the troops or relinquish the fort. In the words of author Doris Goodwin:
“He [Lincoln] must make the decision between a surrender that might compromise the honor of the North and tear it apart, or a reinforcement that might carry the country into civil war.” (3)
On April 6, President Lincoln told the governor of South Carolina he would send provisions to the troops-no arms or ammunition. In response, Jefferson Davis, provisional president of the Confederacy, ordered Major Anderson to surrender the fort, which he refused. The Civil War officially began at 4:30 in the morning of April 12, when the Confederacy fired on Fort Sumter. President Lincoln rightly considered Fort Sumter as an outpost of the Federal Government, and thus an attack on the fort was an attack on the United States. Within days President Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 volunteers to join the Union Army to defeat the Southern rebellion and secure the very existence of the nation.
In President Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address on March 4, 1865, he discussed the reason for the federal government’s war against the rebel South. He remarked that while he was seeking to save the Union without war “insurgents were seeking to destroy it…seeking to dissolve the Union, and divide effects by negotiation.” The South, he said, “would make war rather than let the nation survive” and the North “would accept war rather than let it perish.”
President Lincoln made clear in this address, and throughout his entire tenure as president, that he would spare no effort, including the tremendous loss of life, to preserve the Union. The Confederacy, supported by the British, intended to abolish the Union, had to be defeated, even at the dreadful price of 750,000 soldiers perishing in combat. Americans and all people of the world should give thanks that President Lincoln was victorious, and that the United States of America survived as a sovereign nation.
No Moral Equivalency
Throughout the entirety of the of the four year long war, President Lincoln would only describe the enemy of the Union as a “Southern Rebellion.” He never recognized the legitimacy of the Confederacy of Southern States, because, to President Lincoln there was only one government representing all of the United States.
Former Ethiopian Prime Minister from 2012-2018, Hailemariam Desalegn espoused a correlated judgement in regard to the TPLF in his argument: Ethiopia’s Government and the TPLF Leadership Are Not Morally Equivalent. On November 24, he admonished the international community’s view of the conflict:
“The key problem…is the assumption of moral equivalence, which leads foreign governments to adopt an attitude of false balance and bothsidesism.” He continued: In the meantime, those who are advocating dialogue with the TPLF leadership should carefully consider the full implications of what they are calling for, as they will open a Pandora’s box that other ethnic-based groupings are ready to emulate. Those calling for talks should understand that the very prospect of negotiating with the TPLF’s current leadership is an error—as matter of both principle and prudence.”
While Prime Minister Abiy was not fighting a civil war, analogous to President Lincoln he was forced to make decisions that would determine the very existence of Ethiopia. Nations must be supported against separatist, ethnic or religious movements that attempt to tear apart the fabric of national sovereignty. All human beings, regardless of where we were born, are united by our universal innate potential of creativity. The power of our creative-soul is what makes us distinctively human, unique from all other species. It is our common heritage. The nation-state exists to promote the creative potential of all its citizens from the past to the present and into the future. Thus, its value to civilization is inimitable and must be safeguarded at all costs.
1 Updates on the unfolding developments of Ethiopia, Office of the Prime Minister, November 6, 2020
2 Ethiopia’s Prosperity Party: A Revolutionary Necessity
3 Team of Rivals, Doris Kearns Goodwin, Simon and Shuster, New York, 2005
*Lawrence Freeman is a Political-Economic Analyst for Africa, who has been involved in the economic development policy of Africa for over 30 years. He is the creator of the blog: lawrencefreemanafricaandtheworld.com
La DDC d’Ingele Ifoto appelle Félix Tshisekedi à revenir au cadre de concertation permanent FCC-CACH
December 1, 2020 | 0 Comments
La Dynamique pour la démocratie au Congo (DDC) chère au député national Jean-Marie Ingele Ifoto appelle le président de la République, Félix Tshisekedi de revenir au cadre de concertation permanent FCC-CACH. Ce, pour juguler la crise politique née des différends au sein de cette coalition au pouvoir. C’était à l’occasion de la réunion d’évaluation pour l’implantation et la redynamisation de la DDC, le week-end dernier.
Les consultations initiées par le président de la République pour une union sacrée de la nation pendant trois semaines depuis le 2 novembre sont inopportunes pour la DDC.
Point besoin d’aller par quatre chemins, la seule voie à suivre n’est que le cadre de concertation permanent. C’est la solution idoine et l’idéal est de se passer des égo; la reconnaissance de l’autre permettra au pays d’avancer et de gagner.
« Le CACH qui est représenté par le Chef de l’État Félix Tshisekedi est en programme formel avec le FCC que dirige le président honoraire, Joseph Kabila Kabange. Il y a à cet effet un cadre de concertation permanent entre les deux courants politiques dans la gestion de différends. La mise en place de la feuille de route dans le terme de référence des prescrits de cet engagement existe bel et bien« , a martelé Lumeya Dhu Malegi aux membres et cadres de la DDC.
D’ailleurs cet élu de Kikwit s’étonne comment l’une des parties à savoir le CACH peut-elle sortir de ce cadre sans tenir informé son contractant, moins encore de vider les contours de cet accord.
Ainsi, il exhorte Félix Tshisekedi en tant que garant du bon fonctionnement des institutions, d’user de ses prérogatives constitutionnelles en bon sage pour gérer la crise actuelle dans cette famille politique.
« Il n’ y a pas de vainqueur dans une famille« , a-t-il poursuivi Malegi en paraphrasant Ingele Ifoto.
À L’ ÉCOLE DU CHANGEMENT ET DU DÉVELOPPEMENT DE LA RDC
Lumeya Dhu Malegi a invité les nouveaux membres et les cadres du parti « de jouer pleinement leurs rôles comme vecteur de changement et acteurs clés pour le développement de la RDC« .
Le tandem Ingele-Lumeya a donné son feu vert pour la poursuite des activités relatives à l’implantation et la redynamisation du parti dans d’autres districts de la capitale comme c’est le cas avec succès à Funa grâce à un enregistrement massif.
Germain Ngoma, président des fédérations de la ville de Kinshasa et son équipe ont parachevé la feuille de route partielle tel qu’il envisagé par la hiérarchie.
VIVEMENT LE RESPECT DES GESTES BARRIÈRES
Sur la deuxième vague de la pandémie de coronavirus qui sévit déjà en Europe et qui menace la planète, la DDC tire la sonnette d’alarme en demandant à ses cadres de respecter les gestes barrières et porter des masques.
Un rappel à l’ordre pour éviter qu’ils soient des canaux de transmission de cette maladie qui est loin d’être vaincue malgré au moins 11.000 guéris sur plus de 12.000 cas enregistrés en RDC et plus de 300 décès, à en croire l’équipe de riposte.
Commonwealth to observe Ghanaian elections
December 1, 2020 | 0 Comments
The Commonwealth is deploying a team to observe the general election in Ghana scheduled for 7 December.
Commonwealth Secretary-General, Patricia Scotland, constituted the group following an invitation from the Electoral Commission of Ghana. Members of the group include politicians, diplomats and experts in law, human rights, gender and election administration from across the Commonwealth.
An assessment has been conducted in compliance with international COVID-19 safety guidelines ahead of the group’s deployment.
Commonwealth Secretary-General Patricia Scotland said: “The Commonwealth has a long and proud history of standing in solidarity with citizens as they prepare to choose their leaders and in supporting efforts to strengthen democracy and the rule of law.
“This team will assess the overall conduct of the process and make appropriate recommendations for the future strengthening of the electoral process in Ghana – even as the world battles the pandemic.”
The Group’s mandate is to observe and consider factors affecting the credibility of the electoral process as a whole. It will assess whether the elections have been conducted in accordance with the standards for democratic elections to which Ghana has committed, with reference to national legislation and relevant regional, Commonwealth and international commitments.
The Commonwealth Observer Group will consider the pre-election environment and election preparations. Members will be deployed to various parts of the country where they will observe the voting, vote-counting and results procedures.
The Group will submit its final report for consideration by the Commonwealth Secretary-General, and she will in turn share it with the Government of Ghana and stakeholders.
The Group will be supported by Commonwealth Secretariat staff led by Prof. Luis Franceschi, Senior Director of the Governance and Peace Directorate.
UN condemns ‘brutal and callous’ attack on civilians in north-east Nigeria
November 30, 2020 | 0 Comments
The United Nations has strongly condemned an attack, on Saturday, against civilians in Nigeria’s restive Borno state, and underlined the need to bring the perpetrators to justice.
NEW YORK, USA, November 30, 2020,-/African Media Agency (AMA)/-In early afternoon on 28 November, local time, suspected militants attacked civilian men and women while they were harvesting crops in Koshobe village and other rural communities in Jere Local Government Area, near provincial capital Maiduguri. According to reports, at least 43 people were killed and many wounded.
There are also reports that many people, including women have been abducted.
In a statement issued by his spokesperson, UN Secretary-General António Guterres called for “the immediate and safe return of the abductees and those still reported missing.”
“The Secretary-General reaffirms the commitment of the United Nations to support the Government of Nigeria in its fight against terrorism and violent extremism and in its response to pressing humanitarian needs in the north-east of the country,” the statement added.
The Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria has claimed the lives of thousands of people and displaced millions from their homes. The violence, coupled with climate shocks has also aggravated food security, leaving an estimated 10 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection.
According to a senior UN humanitarian official in Nigeria, rural communities are shocked by the brutality of the attack and fear for their safety.
“It is the most violent direct attack against innocent civilians this year,” Edward Kallon, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria, said in a statement.
“It is unfortunately one of too many such attacks targeting farmers, fishermen and families who are trying to recover some livelihood opportunity after over a decade of conflict,” said Mr. Kallon.
Mr. Kallon went on to note that the entire UN system and the humanitarian community working to provide life-saving and development assistance to the most vulnerable in Borno state is “outraged” by the incident.
“Such direct attacks against innocent civilians jeopardize the ability for the most vulnerable people to survive the adversity there are facing, and which we are striving to alleviate,” the UN official added, calling on all actors on the ground to “respect international laws and humanity”.
Distributed by African Media Agency (AMA) on behalf of UN News.
Crise politique en RDC/Augustin Kabuya : »Vital Kamerhe n’est pas en prison parce qu’il a volé mais c’est par la volonté du FCC »
November 29, 2020 | 0 Comments
Le secrétaire général du parti au pouvoir, Union pour la Démocratie et le Progrès Social (UDPS), Augustin Kabuya vient d’affirmer ce samedi 28 novembre dans une émission en direct sur Top Congo FM que »si le Directeur de cabinet du Chef de l’État Vital Kamerhe est en prison, c’est parce-que le FCC l’a voulu ».
Selon ce haut cadre du parti présidentiel, »Vital Kamerhe n’est pas en prison parce qu’il a volé, je connais tout le plan et je pèse mes mots », insiste-t-il.
Pour rappel, le directeur de cabinet du chef de l’État Félix Tshisekedi et président national de l’Union pour la nation congolaise UNC, Vital Kamerhe, a été condamné pour 20ans de travaux forcés au mois de juin dernier.
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S. Sudan President Kiir; “we are not going back to war” amid lugging peace deal
November 26, 2020 | 0 Comments
By Deng Machol
Juba – South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has said his country will not return to war despite the slow implementation of the fragile revitalized peace agreement.
It has already been a two year since the peace deal was signed in September 2018 by the warring parties but the implementation isn’t going well as it was expected.
“There are others who think that we may go back tomorrow to war, something that I always so no. I want to assure you that we are not going back to war.” President Kiir told a delegation of eminent personalities of church leaders from All African Conference of Churches and World Council of Churches on Friday in Juba.
Since the national cabinets were appointed in late February and then followed by the appointment of nine state governors in July, the governor for Upper Nile is yet to be named.
The national legislature and other state government structures have also not been established.
The unified forces is also yet to be graduated.
Week ago, the main opposition party — SPLM-IO said it will not submit the names of its nominees for local government and other positions if the governor for Upper Nile is not appointed.
But the SPLM-IO nominee, Gen. Johnson Olony is being rejected by the president Kiir, describes him (Olony) as an “active soldier who has not fully subjected himself to the peace and political development in Juba, and is not “within territories that are controlled by SPLM-IO or by the government.
Meanwhile, the church leaders had called on the president to complete the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity.
However, the president revealed that he is ready to complete the formation of the unity government.
“I’m always begging my brother [Riek Machar] so that we conclude the agreement and we move forward for any projects that we want to initiate for our country,” said Kiir.
“Peace has now come to South Sudan and we are now at peace. You have witnessed it by yourself. In your sleep, you might have not been woken up by bullets being fired in the air or against the people, this is what we have stopped,” he added.
President Kiir further explained that “It takes time for the people to understand the agreement. It takes time for everybody to be convinced that there is peace. It is the implementation that is slow. It is slow because of the thinking of others.”
But experts said president Kiir and his vice president Dr. Riek Machar don’t have a political will to implement the peace deal.
South Sudan which emerged from the country’s five year of conflict that has killed nearly 400,000 people and uprooted four million people from their homes, is now facing huge challenges from COVID 19 and floodings.
RDC: Jusqu’au bout, le FCC dit Non aux consultations
November 25, 2020 | 0 Comments
Initialement prévues pour le mardi 24 novembre, c’est finalement ce mercredi 25 novembre 2020 que prendront fin les consultations présidentielles conduites par Félix Tshisekedi, président de la RDC.
En ce dernier jour des consultations, la nouvelle sur la participation du fcc a circulé dans toutes les rédactions et sur les réseaux sociaux.
Faux et archi-faux a tenu à signaler rapidement la plateforme politique qui soutient le président honoraire de la RDC, Joseph Kabila kabange. Après une réunion de la conférence des présidents, le Fcc a une fois de plus dit non concerné par les consultations. Il reste par contre disposé à dialoguer avec le président Félix Tshisekedi dans le cadre de l’accord qui lie les deux parties et le tout dans le respect de la constitution.
Dans la foulée, certains cadres du fcc ont voulu recadrer Peter Kazadi qui sur une radio de la place a annoncé que le Fcc avait demandé à être reçu dans le cadre des consultations.
« Peter Kazadi n est pas porte parole du fcc. Nous n avons jamais demandé à être reçu par le président Félix Tshisekedi » a indiqué Serge Kadima du Pprd.
Félix Tshisekedi va donc conclure ses consultations sans la participation de son allié. Qu adviendra -t-il dans la suite?
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Tanzania to deport over 500 suspected terrorists for trial in Mozambique
November 25, 2020 | 0 Comments
By Jorge Joaquim
Some 516 suspects of terrorism and collaborators of jihahadist violence being held in Tanzania will be deported to Mozambique to be tried for crimes committed in Cabo Delgado province.
The terrorists were seeking refuge in Tanzania because of attacks by the Mozambican Defence and Security Forces when they were captured by Tanzanian authorities.
Mozambique has recently signed a memorandum of understanding with Tanzania, under which both countries’ police forces will collaborate to tackle the insurgency.
According to Mozambique’s police chief, Bernardino Rafael, the key points of the memorandum include an agreement to extradite all those accused, and to maintain the security of the border.
Tanzanian authorities arrested 562 terrorist suspects and collaborators after an attack in the Tanzanian village of Kitaya in October, and recently arrested an unspecified number of people in the towns of Kigoma and Mwanza, close to the borders of Rwanda and Burundi, who told Tanzanian authorities that they were on their way to Mozambique to join the insurgents.
The group being deported includes Mozambicans, Tanzanians, Somalis, Congolese, Rwandans and Burundians.
Cabo Delgado has been the scene since October 2017 of attacks by Islamist militiamen popularly known as Al Shabaab, without being related to the group of the same name that operates in Somalia. ince then, more than 2,200 people have been killed and hundreds of thousands displaced.
The Islamic State affiliate has intensified its actions since last March and since August it controls the port city of Mocimboa da Praia. In recent weeks, it has intensified its attacks and carried out dozens of beheadings, sparking a wave of displacements.
Rencontres des responsables des églises avec Kabila et Fayulu/Tina Salama : « Le Chef de l’État n’a mandaté personne »
November 24, 2020 | 0 Comments
Tina Salama, porte-parole adjointe du Chef de l’État, a réagi sur Top Congo FM, ce lundi 23 novembre sur les rencontres initiées par les responsables des églises il y a au moins dix jours. Elle a indiqué que cette démarche est personnelle étant donné que Félix-Antoine Tshisekedi n’a mandaté personne pour consulter l’ancien président, Joseph Kabila et l’opposant Martin Fayulu.
La présidence de la République a éclairé la lanterne sur la démarche des princes de l’Église tentant à jouer le rôle des sapeurs-pompiers dans la crise politique au pays.
« Le Chef de l’État n’a mandaté personne. La démarche des responsables des églises (de rencontrer des personnalités politiques dont Joseph Kabila et Martin Fayulu) est personnelle« , a lâché Tina Salama.
« Nous avons été surpris de les voir entreprendre une démarche parallèle pour aller consulter« , dit-elle en étant ébahie.
Les Évêques de la Conférence épiscopale nationale congolaise (Cenco) avaient rencontré Joseph Kabila et Martin Fayulu, le mercredi 11 novembre courant.
Des visites intervenues après leur rencontre avec le Chef de l’État, Felix-Antoine Tshisekedi.
La crise politique en RDC a atteint son paroxysme depuis l’adresse du vendredi 23 octobre du premier d’entre les Congolais tendant à rompre avec la coalition FCC-CACH .
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RDC : Les consultations politiques prennent fin ce mardi (Présidence de la République)
November 23, 2020 | 0 Comments
Les consultations politiques initiées par le Chef de l’Etat, Félix Tshisekedi vont prendre fin ce mardi 24 novembre 2020. L’annonce a été faite par le service de la communication de la présidence de la République à travers un communiqué parvenu à la rédaction de MATININFOS.NET.
Ce lundi, les délégations des provinces, personnalités et autres structures seront reçues au Palais de la nation par Fatshi.
Les derniers invités seront reçus au Palais de la nation par le Président de la République ce mardi 24 novembre. Cette dernière séance sera diffusée en direct sur la chaîne nationale, RTNC.
Pour rappel, les consultations présidentielles avaient été lancées le 2 novembre de l’année en cours et ont été initiées dans le but de recueillir les avis des congolais sur la situation politique que traverse le pays actuellement, caractérisée par la crise au sein de la coalition « FCC-CACH », en vue de la création de l’Union sacrée.
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RDC : Bitakwira du FCC tourne le dos à Kabila
November 22, 2020 | 0 Comments
L’Ex Ministre de l’Agriculture et Développement Rural sous le gouvernement Bruno Tshibala, Justin Bitakikwira vient de tourner le dos au FCC de Joseph Kabila. C’est ancien cadre de l’UNC de Vital Kamerhe a fait cette déclaration à travers une interview qu’il a accordée à la presse ce dimanche 22 novembre 2020 à Goma, chef-lieu. du Nord-Kivu.
Pour lui, ça faisait deux ans qu’il n’a pas été invité dans les réunions du Front Commun pour le Congo (FCC).
« Quand les gens m’ont vu aller rencontrer le président de la République, ils se sont posés la question, est-ce qu’il a quitté le FCC ou pas, je dois d’abord vous informer que ça fait 2 ans que je n’ai pas été invité dans une réunion du FCC (…) Je n’appartient à aucune instance du FCC, vérifiez les images de la retraite de Safari Beach, vous ne me verrez pas. Je ne sais pas s’il y avait des droits d’entrée, et qu’on a considéré que Bitakwira n’a pas d’argent pour payer les frais d’entrée », a-t-il déclaré.
Bitakwira se considère dorénavant comme partenaire privilégié du Chef de l’Etat, Félix Antoine Tshisekedi et se sent très concerner par la situation politique que traverse la République démocratique du Congo.
« Je suis partenaire privilégié du président Félix Tshisekedi Tshilombo, retenez ça comme ça ».
En rappel, Justin Bitakwira fait partie des hommes politiques que le Président de la République avait reçus dans le cadre de ses consultations qui vont aboutir à la création d’une Union sacrée.
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Zimbabwean President Promises to Create Over 700 000 new jobs in new economic blueprint
November 22, 2020 | 0 Comments
By Prince Kurupati
Zimbabwe’s unemployment rate estimates range wildly with official country statistics bodies putting it at 10.7 per cent while some unofficial statistics institutions put it 60 per cent and others at 95 per cent. Despite the absence of ‘reliable’ data, what’s clear on the ground is that an unemployment challenge is existent in the country. With fears rising in the country amongst the locals especially the youth that the prevailing economic situation may see more companies and industries closing shop, Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa was quick to allay those fears stating that his administration will create over 700 000 formal jobs in the immediate future. The President said this as he launched the country’s new economic blueprint, National Development Strategy 1 (NDS1).
The National Development Strategy 1 is a policy document that will guide the economic fortunes of the country for a 5 year period starting New Year (2012) up to 2025. During his presentation, the President said the new economic blueprint is anchored on economic growth and institutional reforms which aim at helping Zimbabwe attain an upper middle-income economy by 2030. The blueprint runs under the theme “Towards a Prosperous and Empowered Upper Middle-Income Society by 2030”.
NDS1 aims at comprehensively turning around Zimbabwe’s economic fortunes. On this front, the new economic blueprint aptly tables polices and institutional reforms that all aim at transforming the countries’ economic fortunes. Five areas are outlined in the economic blueprint as the priority areas that require much needed and undivided attention if the country is to attain its vision of becoming an Upper Middle-Income Society by 2030. These five areas are (strategic infrastructure in) energy sector, water and sanitation, ICT as well as the transport sector.
“Riding on the momentum realized during the phase of the TSP (Transitional Stabilization Programme), the construction, rehabilitation and modernization of key infrastructure will continue with greater speed under the NDS1. Focus will be on strategic infrastructure in energy, water and sanitation, ICT and transport sectors which enable Zimbabwe to be more efficient and competitive,” Mnangagwa said.
President Mnangagwa said as the country starts implementing the National Development Strategy 1, human capital development and innovation will be needed if the blueprint is to pay dividends. “The development and deployment of appropriate skills, competencies and capabilities is set to be accelerated under the NDS1. The promotion of excellence, innovation, integrity, honour and hard work among our people should also be our focus into the future.” On this front, the President promised that over 700 000 formal jobs will be created during the tenure of the blueprint.
The President also highlighted the key industries that need much of government’s support that is, agriculture, mining, and manufacturing and tourism sectors. “The constant tracking of the objective of Vision 2030 will be essential as we go forward. The NDS1 will focus on accelerated growth of the economy between 2021 and 2025 leveraging on our agriculture, mining, manufacturing and tourism sectors…The Agriculture and Food Systems Transformation Strategy will continue to be boldly implemented towards a vibrant US$8,2 billion agriculture sector that will achieve national food and nutrition security.”
In addition to helping make the country food secure, President Mnangagwa said prioritizing the agriculture sector is crucial as it helps in facilitating increased exports, innovative market driven production, productivity and investment.
Another key tenet of the new economic blueprint that will help the country turn around its economic fortunes are the twin concepts of devolution and decentralization. “In line with the devolution and decentralization agenda provinces will be developing their provincial plans aligned to the NDS1 based on their respective resource endowments and comparative advantages.” He said devolution and decentralization is one sure way that the country can effectively tackle the challenges faced by women, youth and people living with disabilities when it comes to economic participation. By taking advantage of comparative advantages that exist in individual provinces, the problem of poverty can also be addressed and eradicated more effectively.
The President said the success of the National Development Strategy 1 hinges on ‘our united and unitary character, as a nation” thereby he called upon all Zimbabweans to work together in unison for the betterment of the country.
Speaking during the launch of the economic blueprint, Zimbabwe’s Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Minister Mthuli Ncube expressed optimism that the NDS1 is a perfect successor to the TSP stating, “The overaching goal of the NDS1 is to ensure high, accelerated, inclusive and sustainable economic growth as well as socio-economic transformation and development as we move towards an upper middle-income society by 2030.”