The developing world is an easy target for populists – Kofi Annan
May 15, 2018 | 0 Comments
Kofi Annan was secretary-general of the United Nations from 1997 to 2006 and is a co-recipient with the U.N. of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize. He sat down with The WorldPost editor-in-chief Nathan Gardels for an interview, which has been condensed and edited for clarity. This interview originally appeared in the Washington Post on 10 May 2018.
There has been much debate about democratic dysfunction in the advanced world due to paralyzing polarization exacerbated by fake news and social media manipulation. Isn’t this also an issue in the fledgling democracies of the developing world, from Malaysia to Kenya, Nigeria and elsewhere?
Kofi Annan: Yes. Inequality and the aftermath of the financial crisis, in which many have been left behind, is driving polarization in other parts of the world, including the countries you mention, just as it is in the West.
In both advanced and developing nations, we are threatened by forces exploiting fears and misgivings for political gain, and they are driving communities apart. As long as inequality and other social problems plague us, populists will try to exploit them. A report my foundation just released on Southeast Asia identifies populism, illicit electoral financing and the politics of identity as the biggest threats to democracy locally and regionally. Social media certainly acts as a catalyst and booster for such polarization, but it is often just as present in traditional media.
WorldPost: If even long-standing Western democracies are struggling with their own legitimacy and the appeal of demagogues or authoritarian leaders, aren’t the challenges all the greater in the developing world?
Annan: Developing and newer democracies are much more susceptible to the tactics of populists and demagogues — they often do not have strong institutions, free press or the infrastructure required to defend their nascent democracies.
That is why we need to safeguard the institutions that have been built to prevent blatant twisting of truths that erode trust in our elections and ultimately in democracy itself. My primary focus these days is promoting the legitimacy of democracy by ensuring the integrity of elections, whether from traditional threats, such as too much money in politics, or newer threats arising with the digital age.
If citizens do not believe they can change their leaders through the ballot box, they will find other ways, even at the risk of destabilizing their countries.
WorldPost: You visited Silicon Valley last week to look at how to curb the negative impact of social media on democracy. What was your takeaway?
Annan: No single solution or actor can deal with the complex and interrelated challenges to electoral integrity arising from manipulated data, hate speech and fake news.
These phenomena are not new; they have been part of electoral cycles since the advent of democracy. However, the unique manner in which social media and other technologies are being used to amplify the impact of these tactics in electoral cycles across the globe is a real concern. The speed, reach and volume that social media gives to fake news, disinformation and hate speech erodes trust in institutions and even in the electoral process itself.
It was also clear to me that these developments are challenging the fundamental social contract between voters and those who govern them. We require new mechanisms and frameworks — partly regulatory, partly based on new technologies and partly educational — to restore trust in electoral processes and elected leaders. That trust can only be built if political figures, tech leaders and citizens themselves work together to design these frameworks.
To give just one example, when I spoke before an audience at Facebook, I suggested they should organize a sort of a rapid response team to be called into a situation when it is clear that bots, trolls or fake news are evident. The team could alert electoral commissions or other authorities to offer advice on how to stop the problem before it gets out of control.
The challenge for all of us is to harness the opportunities of the digital age while mitigating the risks. I am encouraged by the people I met in Silicon Valley who were supportive of the idea of creating a commission supporting electoral integrity in the digital age. My foundation will soon launch such a global commission to address these urgent issues in all democracies.
*Source: Kofi Annan Foundation
World including many African countries not on track to meet SDG 7 on sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030
May 12, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Wallace Mawire
Lisbon, Portugal-One of the major highlights of the Sustainable Energy for All forum held in Lisbon, Portugal on 2 to 3 May, 2018 has been the launch of the Tracking SDG7 energy progress report where experts and panelists presented the findings from the SDG7 Tracking Report, including an update on global progress and challenges on energy access, energy efficiency and renewable energy.
The development of the energy progress report was through collaboration between five SDG7 custodian agencies, specially constituted in a steering group comprising the International Energy Agency, World Bank, International Renewable Energy Agency, World Health Organisation and the United Nations Statistics Division.
The steering group was also supported by an advisory group composed of many global organisations keen to deliver on sustainable development issues. A candid outcome of the report presented to at least 1000 delegates from across the world, including developing countries especially from Africa reveals that the world is not currently on track to meet Sustainable Development Goal 7 which calls for ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030.
Stakeholders and development partners working to improve on sustainable development issues have been urged to redouble their efforts in order to meet the intended targets.
The report notes that current progress falls short on all four of the SDG7 targets which encompass universal access to electricity as well as clean fuels and technologies for cooking.
A call for the doubling of the rate of improvement of energy efficiency plus a substantial increase in the share of renewables in the global energy mix has been made at the highly successful summit. On a rather positive note which raises hope for concerned stakeholders, the report notes real gains which have been made in certain areas such as expansion of access to electricity in poorer countries.
It says that expansion of access to electricity in poorer countries has recently begun to accelerate with progress overtaking population growth for the first time in sub Saharan Africa.
Other positives include energy efficiency which is reported to be continuing to improve driven by advances in the industrial sector.
Renewable energy is said to be making impressive gains in the electricity sector although it is added that these are not being matched in transportation and heating, which together account for 80% of global energy consumption.
According to the report, lagging furthest behind is access to clean cooking fuels and technologies, an area which is said to have been typically overlooked by policymakers.
It adds that use of traditional cooking fuels and technologies among a large proportion of the world population has serious and widespread negative health, environmental, climate and social impacts.
The report concludes by saying that more encouraging than global trends are the strong performances evident within specific countries, across both the developed and developing worlds.
It says that these national experiences provide valuable lessons for other countries.
It is concluded that evidence is mounting that with holistic approaches, targeted policies and international support, substantial gains can be made in clean energy and energy access that will improve the lives of millions of people.
The energy progress report provides a global dashboard on progress towards SDG7. The report tracks global, regional and country progress on the four targets of SDG7>energy access (electricity, clean fuels and technologies for cooking), renewable energy and energy efficiency, based on statistical indicators endorsed by the UN.
The report updates progress with the latest available data up to 2016 for energy access and 2015 for clean energy against a baseline year of 2010. A longer historical period back to 1990 is also provided by way of reference .
The energy progress report is a successor to the earlier Global Tracking Framework published in 2013,2015 and 2017) which was co led by the IEA and World Bank under the auspices of the UN Sustainable Energy for All (Se4ALL) initiative and builds on the same methodological foundation.
Merck Foundation supports the training of Thirty Future Oncologists in Africa through one and two-year Oncology Fellowship Program
May 9, 2018 | 0 Comments
|Twenty candidates from Uganda, Zambia, Ethiopia, Namibia, Ghana, South Africa, Botswana, Liberia, Tanzania, and Kenya have enrolled in the Merck Africa Oncology Fellowship Program|
NAIROBI, Kenya, May 8, 2018/ —
Merck Foundation (www.Merck-Foundation.com), the philanthropic arm of Merck KGaA (www.Merck.com) Germany, continues the second stage of their Africa Oncology Fellowship Program that started in 2016 with the aim to increase the limited number of oncologists in Africa.
In June 2017, BIO Ventures for Global Health (BVGH), and the African Organization for Research and Training in Cancer (AORTIC) released a white paper on the African continent’s emerging cancer crisis. Over 20% of African countries have no access to cancer treatments at all, while access is limited and sporadic in other countries. Later-stage diagnosis in African patients contributes to poorer outcomes. For example, 5-year female breast cancer relative survival rates are 46% in Uganda and 12% in The Gambia, compared with around 90% in developed countries, the report cited.
Dr. Rasha Kelej, CEO of Merck Foundation emphasized, “One of the main objectives of Merck Foundation is to build a strong platform of qualified medical, paediatric and surgical oncologists across the continent through the Merck Africa Oncology Fellowship Program.”
“Twenty candidates from Uganda, Zambia, Ethiopia, Namibia, Ghana, South Africa, Botswana, Liberia, Tanzania, and Kenya have enrolled in the Merck Africa Oncology Fellowship Program in partnership with African Ministries of Health, the University of Nairobi, Kenya, Tata Memorial Centre, India, and Cairo University, Egypt. We are very proud of our contribution, to lead Africa to a better future through changing the landscape of Cancer care in the continent.” Rasha Kelej added.
In partnership with Ministries of Health and Academia across Africa, the Merck Africa Oncology Fellowship Program provides one-year and two-year oncology fellowship programs and a three-year master degree in medical oncology at Tata Memorial Centre, India, University of Nairobi, Kenya, University of Malaya, Malaysia, and Cairo University, Egypt, respectively.
Launched in 2016, with the aim to increase the limited number of qualified oncologists in the continent, three medical doctors from Sub-Saharan African countries Kenya, and South Africa were granted a two-year Africa medical oncology fellowship training at the University of Nairobi. Also, Merck Foundation supported another two African doctors from Ghana and Tanzania for the Paediatric and Adult.
Medical Fellowship program that is conducted annually at Tata Memorial Centre, India.
In 2017; Merck Foundation partnered with more African countries such as; Rwanda, Liberia, Zambia, Ethiopia, Botswana and Uganda to provide ten candidates with the one-year oncology fellowship program in India and three candidates from Liberia, Ghana and Namibia to conduct a master degree in clinical oncology at Cairo University, Egypt.
“In 2018, We will continue to enroll more candidates and engage other countries on this program as we firmly believe this is a vital component of improving the quality and accessibility of cancer care in Africa. We have received requests from countries such as; Niger, guinea, Gambia, the Central African Republic to partner with them through their First Ladies’ offices and Ministries of Health to provide our fellowship program to their doctors with the aim to improve access to quality cancer care in their countries and across the continent. Merck Foundation will continue their long-term commitment to further partner with more Sub-Saharan African Countries to realize their vision to create a strong platform of future trained oncologists “, Rasha Kelej added.
The partnership between Merck Foundation and The African First ladies’ organization has been established in Jan 2018, to cooperate in building healthcare capacity with the special focus on cancer, Diabetes and fertility care in their countries with the support of their Ministries of Health.
Merck Foundation has supported the African governments to define their strategies, to emphasize on building professional capacity and focus on long-term training, with the aim to develop trained oncologists and not only relying on Drug or equipment donation, which will help them to be independent and would overcome their major challenge, which is the lack of skilled oncologists and healthcare professionals in general.
Merck Foundation strongly believes that building professional healthcare capacity is the right strategy to improve access to quality and equitable cancer care in Africa.
Merck Foundation makes History:
Merck Foundation will train the first medical Oncologist in some Sub- Saharan African Countries such as the Gambia and Guinea Conakry where they never had an oncologist or cancer care facility, we are making history there, and through them, we will transform people’s lives every day.
The annual platform of Merck Foundation- Merck Africa Asia Luminary and Solutions for Cancer Access:
Since 2013, Merck Africa Asia Luminary features a workshop dedicated exclusively to improve access to cancer care through Capacity building through Merck Foundation, www.merck-foundation.com. It convenes key players from the global, regional and local cancer network, health ministers, and First ladies, with the goal of encouraging dialogue among stakeholders, raises awareness of the issues, explores partnership opportunities to generate ideas for potential solutions to existing challenges.
Merck Foundation Vision and Call for Action:
“A world where everyone should lead a healthy and fulfilling life, this is Merck Foundation ‘s vision. We are working together to achieve the Sustainable Development goals- SDGs. The SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, calls us to sustainably invest on building healthcare capacity to improve access to safe, effective, quality, and affordable healthcare solutions for all by 2030.” Kelej emphasized.
The African Union has targeted by 2063, every citizen will have full access to affordable and quality health care services, and integrated and comprehensive health services and infrastructure will be in place, where services are available, accessible, affordable, acceptable and of quality.
The Merck Foundation (www.Merck-Foundation.com), established in 2017, is a philanthropic organization that aims to improve the health and wellbeing of people and advance their lives through science and technology. Our efforts are primarily focused on improving access to innovative healthcare solutions in underserved communities, building healthcare and scientific research capacity and empowering people in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) with a special focus on women and youth. All Merck Foundation press releases are distributed by e-mail at the same time they become available on the Merck Foundation Website. Please go to www.Merck-Foundation.com to read more and/or register online to interact and exchange experience with our registered members.
Merck (www.Merck.com) is a leading science and technology company in healthcare, life science and performance materials. Around 50,000 employees work to further develop technologies that improve and enhance life – from biopharmaceutical therapies to treat cancer or multiple sclerosis, cutting-edge systems for scientific research and production, to liquid crystals for smartphones and LCD televisions. In 2016, Merck generated sales of € 15.0 billion in 66 countries.
Founded in 1668, Merck is the world’s oldest pharmaceutical and chemical company. The founding family remains the majority owner of the publicly listed corporate group. Merck holds the global rights to the Merck name and brand. The only exceptions are the United States and Canada, where the company operates as EMD Serono, MilliporeSigma and EMD Performance Materials.
Africa Investment Forum endorsed as a game changer for financing Africa’s infrastructure development
May 9, 2018 | 0 Comments
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa, May 8, 2018/ — By 2050, just 32 short years from now, Africa’s growing population will tip the scales at a whopping 2 billion, with a youth of 840 million. In the process, the continent will overtake the populations of China and India combined.
Financing Africa’s development needs will require an estimated US $600-700 billion per annum. According to the African Development Bank’s (www.AfDB.org) African Economic Outlook 2018 , of this, about US $130-170 billion a year in infrastructure will be needed.
To address these challenges, the African Development Bank has launched the Africa Investment Forum , a platform to mobilize private equity funds, sovereign wealth funds and the private sector to facilitate infrastructure projects with the capacity to transform the continent.
The Premier of Gauteng Province, Africa’s seventh largest economy, David Makhura, endorsed the Forum as a game changer for financing Africa’s infrastructure development at the launch of the African Investment Forum in Johannesburg.
“It’s an honour to receive a vote of confidence from one of the most influential, respected and credible institutions of our continent. I want to assure the African Development Bank, and members of the African and global investor community that we are ready to host a highly successful Africa Investment Forum in November. We have an impeccable track record of hosting continental and global events of the magnitude and significance represented by the Africa Investment Forum,” Makhura said at the formal launch of the Forum.
The Bank and the Government of Gauteng Province on Tuesday signed a memorandum of agreement to host the inaugural edition of the Africa Investment Forum from November 7 to 9, 2018 in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Makhura referred to the Africa Investment Forum as more than a Davos of Africa, stating that “we as the Gauteng Provincial Government are very pleased to have won the bid to host this biggest and unparalleled investment platform on the African continent. It’s a great platform that will translate Africa’s professed potentials into real opportunities and progress.”
He added, “The November Inaugural Africa Investment Forum fits very well with the investment drive of President Ramaphosa and will be one of the most important platforms for our government and local businesses to pitch for greater levels of investment. Gauteng-based investment companies have already invested more than $30 billion in different regions of Africa. We have a 15-year infrastructure masterplan with a portfolio of bankable projects that require more than $150 billion over 10 years.”
While Africa is the next investment frontier, there is an urgent need to bridge the gap between available capital and bankable projects, said African Development Bank President Akinwumi Adesina, noting the Africa Investment Forum will help make Africa a place where its young people want to live and thrive in.
“The overall Investment gap for Africa to achieve overall economic development is actually much higher and stands at $200 billion to $1.2 trillion a year. Impediments to bankable projects must be resolved to create win-wins for governments, development finance institutions and other relevant stakeholders. Africa must invest in its own development if it wants others to do so,” he said.
“This is the essential reason for the new approach of the Africa Investment Forum, a multi-stakeholder, multi-disciplinary platform that will incentivize collaboration for the economic and social development of Africa. This will primarily be about transactions and investment deals for Africa’s economic development and not a talk shop.”
Adesina noted that financing Africa’s development is and has always been a collective and cooperative task, requiring broad-based partnerships with the private sector.
“We know that the money is there. By 2020, there will be close to $111 trillion assets under management globally that are invested around the world often at very low interest rates. Within Africa, the assets under management of domestic institutional investors will rise to $1.8 trillion by 2020, tripling from $634 billion in 2014. Most of this money isn’t invested in Africa. But Africa should invest in its own development if it wants others to do so.”
Investor Relations and Communication Executive at Harith General Partners, Pule Molebeledi, described the investment guarantee component of the AIF as a game changer.
“This will be a major catalyst for projects that are currently stuck in the pipeline,” he said.
The African Development Bank is committed to working with other multi-lateral development partners, private equity funds, sovereign wealth funds, insurance funds, private sector and stakeholders to ensure that the Africa Investment Forum becomes Africa’s key springboard for African investment and for meeting the continent’s massive infrastructure and development needs. This is the first time ever that several multilateral development banks will come together on a single platform designed to bring a major pipeline of bankable projects to completion.
The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) (www.AfDB.org) is Africa’s premier development finance institution. It comprises three distinct entities: the African Development Bank (AfDB), the African Development Fund (ADF) and the Nigeria Trust Fund (NTF). On the ground in 37 African countries with an external office in Japan, the AfDB contributes to the economic development and the social progress of its 54 regional member states.
Ethiopian Airlines to step up expansion with more deals and jets
May 8, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Aaron Maasho*
ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) – Even by its own standards, Ethiopian Airlines’ ETHA.UL recent growth has been fast — so fast that it revised the ambitious 15-year strategy set in 2010 and plans to buy more planes to step up its expansion.
Its plan had been to more than double its fleet to 120 and become Africa’s biggest airline by 2025, but it already has 100 planes flying to dozens of destinations from Asia to South America, including four U.S. cities.
The state-owned carrier has also outpaced regional competitors Kenya Airways (KQNA.NR) and South African Airways to become Africa’s largest airline by revenue and profit, according to the International Air Transport Association.
“We have expanded more than we planned,” said Chief Executive Tewolde Gebremariam. “We had to revise the objective to make it 150 airplanes or more by 2025.”
The airline has come a long way from when it was established in 1945 as a joint venture with now-defunct U.S. carrier Trans World Airlines (TWA).
In its 2016/17 financial year Ethiopian Airlines generated $2.7 billion in revenue, Tewolde said, up more than 11 percent from the previous year. Passenger numbers climbed by more than 18 percent to 9 million while net profit was $233 million, up from a little more than $220 million.
In 2013 Ethiopian Airlines acquired a minority stake in Malawi Airlines to serve as a base for its southern Africa operations.
That kicked off a series of deals including January’s agreement with Zambia’s government to relaunch that country’s national carrier, shut down more than two decades ago.
With Africa’s aviation industry still hampered by government protectionism and high taxes, Tewolde said that setting up or taking stakes in small carriers is a way around the restrictions.
Ethiopian Airlines aims to create a new airline in Mozambique that it will fully own, he said, adding that it is also in talks with Chad, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea and Guinea to set up carriers through joint ventures.
The economic downturn in Africa caused by the collapse of oil prices in 2014 has indirectly hit the continent’s airlines, and Ethiopian is unable to repatriate more than $145 million in profits from Angola, Sudan and Zimbabwe because of foreign exchange shortages, Tewolde said.
“Running a business needs cash flow,” he said. “Here in Africa, we have a huge problem with this.”
THE VOTING MACHINE INCREASINGLY APPRECIATED IN CONGO HINTERLAND
May 8, 2018 | 0 Comments
-What do Congolese think of the Voting Machines ahead of upcoming elections? Here is what a nationwide road show organized by the Independent National Electoral Commission Found.
Criticised by some political stakeholders from the radical opposition, the voting machine which will help with the simultaneous conduction of national and provincial legislation polls, as well as the presidential election in December, seems to win the minds and souls of ordinary Congolese citizens. The nation-wide road-show, organised by the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI), convincingly showcased the device designed in DRC and made in South Korea. From Boma in Kongo Central Province, to Bulungu, Idiofa, Kamonia, Lubumbashi, Kalemie, Mbujimayi, Lodja, Gbadolite all the way to Isiro….news received from these locations attest the performance of the device and the satisfaction of voters who showered praises on the DRC electoral body for this innovation.
In Kamonia, a territory located in the Province of Kasai, the first sensitisation session on the device took place on 28 April 2018 before members of the Territory Security Committee, namely Augustin Kabawu, Daudet Tshibuabua and Jacob Mbombo, respectively CENI Field Office, Logistics Officer and IT Officer Members of the Territory Security Committee, led by M. Jean Paul Kuzo, the Territory Administrator of Kamonia, tested for themselves the device after exchange session with CENI delegates.
In Kalemie, in the province of Tangayika, more than 400 members of Salem Pentecostal Church were sensitised on the Electoral Law, the electoral calendar and the voting machine. This was during their church service on 29 April 2018 which was also attended by the CENI Provincial Executive Secretary, Stéphane Momat. Momat carried on with his sensitisation tour to members of the Dav neighborhood Great Mosque where an estimated 600 people were sensitised on the voting machine, on the 7 innovations of the electoral law, and the key milestones of the electoral calendar. On this occasion, the Tanganyika Province Muslim Church representative, Imam Juma Ussen and his committee, led by example by voting, and getting to appreciate the voting machine.
In Boma, in the Province of Kongo Central, a consultation forum bringing together political stakeholders from the opposition and the regime as well as members of the civil society was held on Saturday 28 April 2018. Moderated by Ms Bernadine Kitondo, CENI Provincial Executive Secretary, the forum was attended by 115 people who got an opportunity to test the voting machine by 4 groups of 20 members each, comprising the four components (opposition, regime, civil society, and women and youth).
Meanwhile, in the territory of Sekebanza, Astrid Nkembi, Head of CENI Field Office, introduced the new voting machine to the Territory Administrator, to members of the Local Operations Committee, to the Territory Administrative Officers, to the President of the Civil Society, to 5 Heads of Sub-Territories invited specifically for the purpose, as well as to local journalists. It is worth mentioning that 16 out of the 24 participants were able to test the device for themselves. All participants recommended that CENI Sekebanza Field Office should ensure that Sub-territories, wards and villages are widely sensitised to the use of the voting machine so that voters get to acquaint themselves with this tool, thus putting to bed the politically-motivated myth stirred around this device which is merely a voting tool.
In Gbadolite in the Province of Sud Ubangi, CENI Executive Secretary held a sensitisation session on 29 April 2018 at the Provincial Parliament Building. A total of 53 people including 12 out of the 18 provincial members of parliament attended the exchange which focused to three aspects, namely: the innovation introduced by the electoral law, the critical path of the electoral calendar, and the voting machine. Participants were happy with the exchange but expressed concerns on the issue of the draft law on the sharing of legislative being tabled at parliament.
Returning from a training in Bandundu-Ville, Heads of CENI Field Offices in Kwilu immediately set out to put in practice the instructions given them by the top management. Following in the steps of the Kikwit and Idiofa Field Offices, the Gungu and Bulungu Field Offices also launched the sensitisation campaign on the electoral law the electoral calendar and the voting machine.
In Gungu, the campaign started on 27 April 2018 in the Gungu Territory Conference Room, with the attendance of members of the Local Operations Committee (CLO). In his remarks, the Acting Head of Field Office, M. Erick Kayimona, explained to the 30 participants the innovations introduced by the electoral law, the key milestones of the calendar and the voting machine. He indicated that the voting machine was chosen to enable the concurrent polls to be held on 23 December 2018. Speaking to participants, the Territory Administrator, M. Trésor Kitambala, was proud of the choice to use the voting machine and commended the presence of the device in his territory in order to sensitise the population of Gungu On 28 April 2018, without resting, the Acting Head of Field Office held a meeting in the conference room of Gungu ITPR, bringing together political parties, faith-based organisations, civil society organisations and media. The three campaing themes, namely the innovations introduced by the electoral law (in particular the legal threshold of representativeness), the key milestones of the electoral calendar, and the voting machine, were the focus of his speech. A total of 93 people attended the activity and wished that CENI Gungu should conduct even more sensitisation activities.
In Bulungu, CENI Head of Field Office, Israël Kasay Malala, launched the campaign on 28 April 2018 in the presence of the Territory Adminstrator and members of the CLO. His message centred on the 7 innovations introduced by the electoral law, the main lines of the electoral calendar and the voting machine. On the machine, the Head of CENI Field Office touched on the context and justified the choice made by CENI of the voting machine with a view to the concurrent holding of polls on 23 December 2018. Mwankimi Kaba, the Bulungu Territory Administrator, expressed his satisfaction to see that, contrary to rumours about the voting machine, this device is rather helping the government by cutting the logistical (budgetary) cost while enabling the voter to cast their ballots, in less than a minutes, for the presidential election, the national legislative elections and the provincial legislative elections. The session was closed with the testing of the voting machine, much to the satisfaction of all.
In Idiofa, following the launch of the campaign, Head of CENI Field Office, Mr Stany Makela , sensitised a group of Primay Education inspectors in Dibaya Lubwe in a training in Idiofa ad journalists. Participants appreciated the presence of the voting machine in Idiofa in order to sensitised voters.
In the province of Haut Katanga, women from the PPRD party were sensitised on the voting machine on 28 April 2018. The event took place in the Bâtiment du 30 Juin and was themed on “Patriot women, mobilise for elections”. PPRD women invited the CENI Provincial Executive Secretary to update them on the current electoral developments, focused on the three themes: the milestones of the electoral calendar, the 7 innovations in the electoral law, and the voting machine. More than 350 people attended the sensitisation session during which about 40 people tested the voting machine, much to the satisfaction of all.
In Kananga in the province of Kasai Central, the managers of the Justice and Peace Commission in Kananga had the opportunity to test the voting machine. Meeting on 28 April 2018 in the conference room of the Pastoral Diocesan Centre in the municipality of Katoka. These managers from 18 catholic parishes in the city carefully followed the outline of the electoral law, the electoral calendar and the voting machine given by the Head of Kasai Central CENI Field Office. Almost all the participants (both men and women) rushed to hold the voting machine. The Vice President of the Commission, Richard Lukamba, was the first to vote, followed by 46 persons including 28 women and 18 men. All (118 people) promised to sensitise on the voting machine in their respective parishes.
In the same Province of Kasai Central, another presentation of the voting machine took place on 27 April 2018, involving the Provincial Youth Council. This was in the presence of the Provincial Youth Minister, Pauline Kamuandu, the Head of the Youth Division, Lumana Bilolo, and the Provincial Youth President, Peter Bakandowa. CENI Kasai Central Provincial Executive Secretary outlined the key milestones of the electoral calendar, the innovations of the electoral law and the voting machine to 242 young from the Council. After showing the importance of these three tools, he introduced the major breaktrhoughs of the electoral process, a testament to the fact that CENI will organise elections on 23 December 2018.
The first person to test the voting machine was the Provincial Youth Minister, then followed the Head of Youth Provincial Division and the Provincial Youth President. Finally, 36 youth were able to test the machine before a questions and answers session. Many questions related to the machine were asked and the answers given were satisfactory to the participants who appreciated this working tools by their spontaneous testimonies.
In the Province of Ituri, 104 taxi-bikers, also known as “Wewas” and 19 traditional chiefs were able to test the machine in Mambasa. On 30 April 2018, during the Territory meeting, CENI Mambasa Field Officer, M. Rachidi, sensitised 104 taxi-bikers also known as Wewas, who are members of the Association of Congolese Drivers (ACCO) on the benefits and use of the voting machine. After a quick introduction, the bikers voted using the machine. It was observed that 12 Wewas were able to vote in less than 10 minuets. Satisfied, they stated that they will no longer fall prey to the manipulations of politicians.
After the “Wewa”, 19 Traditional CHiefs, who attended the meeting with the Territory Administrator, also, voted on 1 May 2018, using the machine. The Chiefs were surprised how easy it was to vote with the machine as opposed to the rumours being circulated. They vowed to sensitised their villagers in order for them to adopt this tool which will help them to properly elect, come the polls.
In Aru in the same province, 84 sick people, nurses, and health helpers as well as pastors in the CECA-20 General Hospital were targeted to use the voting machine. After a quick introduction on the benefits of the machine, CENI Field Office Head in Aru and his team demonstrated how the vote will take place on 23 December 2018. Participants tested the machine and said they were convinced by its performance.
In Isiro, taking advantage of a refresher training for community radio presenters from the 7 provinces of eastern DRC by the Minister of Communication and Media, CENI Executive Secretary from Haut Uele overwhelmingly convinced the participants who were joined by provincial ministers of the sector from the provinces and conducted a demonstration of the voting machined widely hailed.
South Sudan SPLM – IO joins president ruling party
May 8, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Deng Machol
Juba – South Sudan’s First Vice President and former rebel Taban Deng Gai on Monday formally dissolved his party into the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) of President Salva Kiir.
In a statement dated May 7, Taban Deng Gai indicated that the dissolution of his group is in line with the SPLM reunification as stipulated in the 2015 Arusha Agreement.
Gen. Deng split from Machar following heavy fighting in the capital Juba in 2016 and, siding with Mr Kiir, took his former boss’s job and is seeking to strengthen his position in the government.
Both Deng in Juba and Machar, under house arrest in South Africa, continued to call their respective factions SPLM-IO (In Opposition) despite now being on opposing sides in the four-year-old conflict.
Deng has been First Vice President since August 2016 and ostensibly represents SPLM-IO in the transitional government.
“I would therefore like to announce on behalf of the SPLM-IO structures and the entire membership of the party the dissolution of the SPLM-IO organs, including Chapters and declare them to be united with the SPLM; the historic liberation party in the Republic of South Sudan,” Mr Gai said in a statement on Monday in Juba capital.
“All SPLM-IO members and cadres are directed to strictly observe this reunification process as stated in the Arusha Agreement of January 21, 2015,” he added, referring to mediation efforts initially began by Tanzania’s ruling party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM).
Mr. Deng move came followed the 4th SPLM – National Liberation Councils meeting held in Juba on May 4, calling for reunification of all factions of SPLM to pursue peace in one voices, which members adopted. But a meeting was suspended to allow all members to participate, including Dr. Machar’s groups and former detainees groups. The next round of meeting is due to resume after 45 days, mid of June.
But rebels and politicians allied to former vice president Riek Machar immediately dismissed the move as betrayal and inconsequential with their political desired.
The world’s youngest nation, which achieved independence from Sudan in 2011, descended into civil war in late 2013 when Mr Kiir accused Dr Machar of plotting a coup.
Since 2013, millions have been uprooted, triggering a regional refugee crisis with millions more being been pushed to the brink of starvation; while tens of thousands have been killed.
While originally siding with Dr Machar, his fellow Nuer tribesman, Mr Deng switched sides ostensibly to help bring peace, but fighting has continued since and talks have several failed.
“The new rejuvenated SPLM will be fighting tribalism. We reconcile the communities, we stop child abduction and cattle rustling. We will continue with the disarmament of the civilians so that people are secure,” Deng said.
Coming together with SPLM means soldiers allied to both sides could respect the cessation of hostilities deal and provide a better environment to hold peace talks.
But observers fear that this could also sow divisions within the SPLM-IO, under Deng in Juba as some are unhappy with a move and even Dr. Machar’s groups, under house arrest in Pretoria.
Dr Machar fled Juba just three months after taking up the position of First Vice President, following violence at the Presidential Palace, replaced by Taban Deng who went on to gain recognition in the eastern Africa region and international community.
Dr Machar’s side claims reforms in the security sector that could improve governance, accountability, economic reforms and discourage armed confrontations should be prioritised.
However, observers said it would be interesting to see how this move affects scheduled peace negotiations next week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Cairo to Cape Town road boosts cross-border economies, links Tanzania to rest of Africa
May 6, 2018 | 0 Comments
Rehema Tukai grew up in Kondoa and works in Dodoma, Tanzania’s capital city. Until now, visiting her family in Kondoa involved a five-hour journey along a bumpy and dusty road. Thanks to a new road co-funded by the African Development Bank, it takes her a little over one hour to travel the same distance.
Tukai was one of several locals to celebrate when the President of Tanzania, John Pombe Magufuli, and the President of the African Development Bank, Akinwumi Adesina, commissioned the Dodoma-Babati road project on Friday.
Until its completion, the Dodoma-Babati road was a critical missing link in the 10,228-kilometre Trans-Africa Highway, linking Cairo to Cape Town, connecting nine African countries from South Africa to Egypt, through Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan.
With the completion of the road, traders and travelers now conduct immigration procedures on only one side of the border, reducing time and costs. Thanks to these efforts, the volume of trade between Tanzania and the rest of Eastern and Southern Africa has risen to US $1.1 billion in 2016, a level both Adesina and Magufuli described as historic.
Magufuli said the Dodoma-Babati road will improve the lives of people living in Tanzania and neighbouring countries. “Projects financed by the African Development Bank have a real impact on people,” Magufuli said, thanking the Bank and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for their strategic partnership in co-financing the project.
“Roads change everything. They bring hope alive. Such is the case of this road. While economic activity expands, so will family connections. It has brought much joy to families,” said Adesina, referring to beneficiaries such as Tukai.
The 251-kilometre road is expected to provide rural communities with renewed hope, through expanded economic activities, improved access and better prices for farmers, and to transform several communities.
The Bank President congratulated Tanzania on the 54th anniversary of the union of the Republic of Tanganyika and the People’s Republic of Zanzibar and described the country’s unity as its strength and an example for the rest of Africa.
“Tanzania is headed in the right direction. With 7% economic growth this year, it has posted one of the highest growth rates in the world. That shows me the future of the Republic is very bright indeed! There will be need for massive physical and social infrastructure. There will be need for a Dodoma Airport. There will be need for a new road network to support increased transport, especially the Dodoma Ring Road. I wish to assure you that the African Development Bank will strongly support you on critical infrastructure for the new City of Dodoma,” Adesina said.
The African Development Bank has invested US $3.6 billion in Tanzania, with an active portfolio of US $2 billion, 53% of which is in road projects. The institution has invested more than US $1.1 billion in five road projects in Tanzania, covering close to 1,400 kilometres.
At the commissioning ceremony, the Japanese Ambassador to Tanzania, Masaharu Yoshida, commended the African Development Bank for its contribution toward the completion of the project.
“Our cooperation with the Bank on this project will further strengthen the relationship between Japan and Tanzania and with Africa as a whole,” said Yoshida. “This road will contribute to the economic growth of Tanzania and all of Africa because it is, in fact, part of the ‘Trans-African Highway No. 4’ that connects Cape Town-Lusaka-Dodoma-Arusha-Nairobi up to Cairo.”
IGD’s Africa Investment Rising Roadshow Tour Builds Momentum and Action on Increasing Greater U.S.-Africa Trade and Investment
May 6, 2018 | 0 Comments
- The Initiative for Global Development (IGD) concluded its inaugural U.S. roadshow tour, which was held from April 18-May 1, to showcase the tremendous business and investment potential in Africa.
- The full roadshow tour will culminate in Johannesburg, South Africa for IGD’s Frontier 100 Forum and African Development Bank’s Africa Investment Forum in early-November.
- An engaging forum and executive speed networking with U.S. and African private sector leaders and investors will provide a platform to make deals and business agreements to create new markets in both regions.
The U.S. roadshow tour, “Africa Investment Rising: Building Momentum for Investing in Africa’s Economic Prosperity”, which took place from April 18-May 1, traveled to four U.S. cities to re-shape perceptions on doing business in Africa by bringing trade and investment opportunities to U.S. companies and forge stronger connections between U.S. and African business leaders in key growth sectors.
“For the past two weeks, we’ve started building awareness and momentum for increasing trade and investment in Africa,” exclaimed Dr. Mima S. Nedelcovych, president and CEO of the Initiative for Global Development (IGD) at the closing reception at the Houston Club.
“The Africa Investment Rising roadshow tour is just the start of accelerating a strong economic partnership between the U.S. and the African region,” said the IGD president. The Initiative for Global Development (IGD) is a network of Africa, U.S. and global business leaders who are committed to sustainable development and inclusive growth through business investment in Africa.
Launching in Washington, D.C., the roadshow tour traveled to New York City to highlight banking, financing, and investment opportunities; Des Moines, IA for agriculture and agro-industry; and Houston, TX for energy and power.
The African Development Bank (AfDB) Group and USAID’s East Africa and Southern Africa Trade and Investment Hubs are Sponsors of the U.S. Roadshow Tour.
Sub-Saharan Africa is one of the fastest growing regions in the world, consistently averaging GDP growth of 5.2 percent. Today, only about 1.5 percent of U.S. exports are flowing into sub-Saharan Africa.
Each roadshow stop featured panel discussions on the trends, opportunities and constraints to trade and investment in that sector. The speed networking and company match among investors and business leaders, led by representatives from the Southern and East Africa Trade and Investment Hubs, offered tangible opportunities on how to enter the African marketplace to spur greater U.S. investment in Africa.
Exclusive site visits with an IGD-led delegation drew attention to the pioneering innovations in each industry sector. The delegation met with Dan Keeler, Frontier Markets editor at the Wall Street Journal in New York City on re-shaping news coverage of Africa and participated in site visits to Corteva Agriscience™, Agriculture Division of DowDuPont™ in Johnston, IA and ISU Research Park in Ames, IA for agribusiness and The Eaton Experience Center for power generation in Houston.
The full roadshow tour will ultimately culminate in Johannesburg, South Africa, where U.S. and African private sector leaders and investors from all sectors are invited to attend the IGD Frontier 100 Forum on Nov. 5-6. The Frontier 100 Forum will be followed by the African Development Bank’s Africa Investment Forum (AIF) from Nov. 7-9, in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Financing key growth sectors, such as agriculture, power and infrastructure, and finance and banking, will require an estimated $600-700 billion annually, the African Development Bank estimates.
The AIF is designed to enhance private-sector cooperation and drive investment in sectors to promote economic and social development on the African continent. The Bank’s investment forum is a completely transactional marketplace dedicated to advancing projects to bankable stages, raising capital, and accelerating the financial closure of deals.
“The forum will be a landmark platform to scale up bankable projects and facilitate transactions to close the investment gap in Africa,” said Hassatou Diop N’Sele, Treasurer and Director of the Treasury Department at the African Development Bank. N’Sele spoke on behalf of the Bank at the roadshow’s opening reception on April 18 in Washington, DC.
IGD will continue to engage roadshow participants and investors interested in Africa through multimedia content, including blogs, video spotlights and webinars leading up to the November events in Johannesburg to generate ongoing interest among U.S. investor and business leaders to inspire action on investment opportunities in Africa.
“IGD is pleased to build on our partnership with the African Development Bank through the U.S. Roadshow Tour to accelerate Africa’s investment opportunities and help attract private capital to the continent,” said Nedelcoych. “By bringing U.S. investors to the Bank’s investment forum, they will learn firsthand about bankable projects and will have the opportunities to broker deals that will deliver economic transformation in Africa.”
Roadshow platinum sponsors are Chevron, Norton, Rose and Fulbright LLP, Iowa State University Research Park, AGCO; Lilium Capital, DAI, and Orrick; Gold sponsors are Thomson Reuters, John Deere, Sasol, Corteva Agriscience, Endeavor Energy, AllAfrica.com, and Eaton; and Silver sponsors are World Food Prize Foundation and Millennium Challenge Corporation.
Media partners are Africa Investor, Africa.com, African Alternative, African Trade Magazine, Africa Business Magazine, Africa Stopover, Afropop Worldwide, AllAfrica.com, AlloAfrica.com, Applause Africa, Asoko Insight, Face2Face Africa, innov8tiv.com, Oak TV, Pan-African Visions, and VoxAfrica.
AFRICA INVESTMENT RISING U.S. ROADSHOW TOUR: HOUSTON STOP RECAP
May 5, 2018 | 0 Comments
Access to power is an essential driver of sustainable economic growth and development progress in Africa. Opportunities abound for public-private sector partnership and investment to expand access to electricity across the African continent.
The Initiative for Global Development (IGD) launched its Houston roadshow stop on April 30, to boost U.S.-Africa trade and investment in the power and energy sectors and match U.S. and African investors and private sector leaders to expand greater access to reliable electricity on the continent.
The Houston roadshow stop, which was held on April 30 and May 1, was the final stop of IGD’s four-city inaugural U.S. roadshow tour, “Africa Investment Rising: Building Momentum for Investing in Africa’s Economic Prosperity”. The U.S. Roadshow Tour, which took place from April 18-May 1, was aimed at re-shaping perceptions on doing business in Africa by bringing trade and investment opportunities to U.S. companies and forging stronger connections between U.S. and African business leaders in key growth sectors.
Launched on April 18 in Washington, D.C., the roadshow traveled from New York City for banking, finance, and investment to Des Moines, IA for agribusiness and agro-industry and then Houston, TX for power and energy.
Some 600 million people in sub-Saharan Africa or two-thirds of the region’s population are still living without access to reliable power. Without access to power, Africa’s global competitiveness and economic growth will continue to lag behind other regions of the world.
The two-day roadshow stop brought together investors, African and global private sector leaders and policymakers to discuss investment opportunities in power and energy in order to maximize Africa’s energy potential for sustainable and inclusive growth.
The opening session of the Houston roadshow stop took place at Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP, where Robert Mosbacher Jr., Board Chairman of IGD and Mosbacher Energy Company, spoke about IGD’s founding partnership with Power Africa and work on business opportunities in the power and energy sectors.
Significant opportunities exist to invest in Africa’s power sector. Mosbacher, who is also former president and CEO of Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), noted how a proposed bipartisan bill, Better Utilization of Investments Leading to Development Act, known as the BUILD Act, will consolidate multiple federal programs into one new development finance corporation that aims to promote sustainable growth in emerging markets through U.S. business investment.
Blake H. Winburne, Partner and Co-Head of the Global Energy and Infrastructure Group at Orrick, spoke about his practice, where lawyers in the Group are dedicated to working on energy projects in Africa. “We are extremely interested in developing markets, especially in Africa,” said Winburne. Orrick, a Frontier Leader, was the host partner for the Houston roadshow stop.
A panel of U.S. and African private sector leaders convened for an energy-focused investor roundtable aimed at finding the right energy mix to accelerate electrifying the African continent.
Moderated by Carol Pineau, award-winning journalist and documentary producer, panelists included Sean T. Long, Chief Executive Officer at Endeavor Energy; Rajen Ranchhoojee, Special Legal Consultant, Energy & Infrastructure Group at Orrick LLP; Matt Rees, Deputy Coordinator for Power Africa at USAID; Paula Swain, Managing Director, Global Energy, Project Finance Division at Export Import Bank; and Peter Manoogian, Executive Director, Mozambique at Sasol.
The potential for “leapfrogging” in Africa’s energy sector to bypass conventional energy development by adopting efficient and renewable technologies was discussed by panelists.
Finding the right energy mix on the continent requires building strong public-private partnerships and being “technology agnostic,” said Rees of Power Africa. “We need to ask governments to do a better job with energy diplomacy.”
Given the high cost of electricity generation in Africa, Long of Endeavor Energy recommended that African countries need to develop sustainable off-grid solutions that combine technological innovation with finance to accelerate power projects.
“Africa can shape the future,” asserted Ranchhoojee of Orrick, saying there are tremendous opportunities for African countries to chart their own path and take a multi-pronged approach to power generation. “The ‘textbook’ has not been written yet and it is now possible to write that textbook,” he said about the opportunity for African governments to leverage a hybrid approach to electrifying the continent.
Infrastructure was cited as a major challenge to a rapid development of Africa’s power supply. Peter Manoogian, Sasol’s Executive Director for Mozambique, acknowledged that the lack of infrastructure in Mozambique has contributed to the high cost of implementing projects in a former war torn country. Yet, since Sasol expanded its market beyond South Africa into Mozambique, the country has become a fast-growing economy and the company’s production and market for oil and gas has grown over time. Sasol has invested in a major gas-to-power plant to help meet the electricity demand in the southern African country.
Financing power projects was highlighted as another impediment to the fast delivery of power generation. aula Swain, Managing Director for Global Energy in the Export Import Bank’s Project Finance division stressed the importance of mobilizing lenders, bankers, and actors to finance projects. “It takes everyone to get the deal done,” said Swain.
Long also built on the central theme throughout the roadshow tour: separating perceived risk from actual risk while doing business in Africa. “There’s a low default rate for project financing in Africa,” said Long.
After the roundtable, Pamela Ward, Regional Senior Commercial Officer of Sub-Saharan Africa at the U.S. Department of Commerce, forecasts that East Africa will be one of the fastest growing regions. “Power is the energy that drives economic growth,” said Ward. She also expressed her optimism for the impact that the Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) will have on intra-Africa trade. In late-March, some 44 African countries signed one of the world’s largest free-trade agreements that creates a single continental market for goods and services across the continent.
The Houston roadshow forum concluded with a speed networking session. Jason Bauer, director of Finance, Investment and Trade at the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and Albert Osueke, Private Investment Officer at Power Africa invited to learn more about opportunities for public-private sector partnerships and resources in Africa.
The U.S. roadshow tour’s closing reception was held at the historic Houston Club, where IGD President and CEO Dr. Mima Nedelcovych offered brief remarks. The evening reception, sponsored by Sasol, helped to set the course for strengthening U.S.-Africa business, trade, and investment relations. Nedelcovych mentioned that Sasol is also a major investor in the United States, noting that the South African-based company made a $11 billion investment in the energy sector in the U.S.
“It’s not just U.S. investments into Africa; it’s African investments in the U.S. as well,” said Nedelcovych.
The final day of the roadshow featured an exclusive site visit to the Eaton Experience Center in Houston. The IGD team and USAID personnel participated in an interactive tour of the power management company’s hands-on facility and learned about their reliable, efficient, safe, environmentally-friendly technologies that manage and control power at various levels.
Eaton’s portfolio features electrical services and products such as power distribution and circuit protection, lighting and security, and back up power protection as well as industrial services and products including aerospace, automotive, and hydraulics.
Herman Fletcher, Eaton’s Vice President of Commercial Business Development, gave a brief presentation on Eaton’s micro-grids, which serve as a resilient, cost-effective solution to the high cost of electricity and improve the reliability of energy supply.
Eaton has a 91-year relationship with Africa and has hav five African offices in South Africa, Morocco, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, and Kenya and distribute widely throughout the continent. Eaton officially signed on as a Power Africa partner in October 2017, and are actively seeking a stronger presence in Africa. “Our CEO has made it clear that he wants to expand in Africa,” said Fletcher.
Ghana beats Namibia to top Africa in 2018 World Press Freedom Index
May 3, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Papisdaff Abdullah*
The World Press Freedom Index measures the level of media freedom in 180 countries. Nigeria ranked 119 in the world.
Namibia topped the rankings in 2017 in Africa.
Curbs and restrictions on press freedom remain a huge concern on the continent and media watchdogs and press freedom advocates continue to voice these concerns.
The numerous restrictions range from subtle forms of censorship by political and government authorities to imprisonment of journalists and media activists in practice.
The 2018 World Press Freedom Index recently released, compiles the degree of freedom available to journalists in 180 countries. It takes into consideration the degree to which the media are able to function independently of sources of political, governmental, business and religious power and influence is a strong indicator of the level of press freedom at play.
A group of experts responded to a questionnaire that was based on pluralism, media independence, media environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and the quality of the infrastructure that supports the production of news and information.
The index scored each country according to points. From 0-15 points (good), 15.01 to 25 points (fairly good), 25.01 to 35 points (problematic), 35.01 to 55 points (bad), and from 55.01 to 100 points (very bad). Eritrea, Djibouti, and Sudan had zero points and were the least ranked on the index.
For Nigeria, human rights have continued being trampled upon and concerning cases include the use of the police by the state against the protesters of Bring Back Our Girls, and the Muslim minority Shiite group whose leader has been under arrest for more than a year.
Eritrea was ranked the worst in Africa in the report. For the past 26 years, Eritrea has been a dictatorship in which there is no room for freely reported news and information. At least 11 journalists are currently detained without any charges or trial.
Declared by United Nations General Assembly, every year, the day of May 3 is celebrated as World Press Freedom Day to raise awareness of the importance of freedom of the press.
UNESCO also brings together the media professionals, press freedom organizations and UN agencies to evaluate the state of press freedom worldwide and discuss solutions for addressing the prevailing challenges.