Zimbabwe’s CSO’S hold government accountable for avoidable cholera deaths
September 14, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Wallace Mawire
The Civil Society Health Emergency Response Coordinating Committee (CSHERCC) in Zimbabwe reports that it is saddened to learn of the unnecessary deaths of several people across the country, who have recently succumbed to the devastating effects of cholera.
So far, it has been reported that at least 25 people have fallen victim to the cholera outbreak in several parts of the country in particular in Harare, while dozens of people have been hospitalised since 6 September 2018 when the first cases were publicly announced. Several people have also been affected by the outbreak of typhoid.
CSHERCC is saddened that the ongoing deaths, which are a result of official and criminal negligence, have brought despair to the affected families and communities and the nation at large.
“It is alarming and quite unusual for such a medieval and preventable disease to continue to claim such valuable lives in this day and age. The outbreak of cholera is not a new phenomenon with outbreaks
repetitively recorded in past years resulting in unnecessary deaths and serious illnesses of thousands of people at given times”CSHERCC says.
It adds that it is not acceptable that any cases of outbreaks of cholera and other waterborne diseases be recorded anywhere in the country.
“If at least 20 people have died from cholera in just less than a month, many more are at the risk of contracting, this avoidable disease”.
The CSOs say that government must understand that human health and quality of life is at the centre of international efforts to develop sustainable communities and countries.
“Good health throughout the lifetime of every woman, man and child is fundamental to full participation in the social, economic and political processes of the communities and country”.
CSHERCC has reminded government that human rights relating to health are provided in the Constitution and human rights instruments the government is state party to.
Further, the Zimbabwean Constitution places an obligation on the state to guarantee the rights of persons to a clean environment (section 73), the right to healthcare (section 76) and the right to safe, clean and potable water (section 77). Government must uphold its obligations in the Constitution.
Members of the CSHERCC are particularly alarmed, that sewage reticulation, lack of access to potable water, continue to be the cause of outbreak of waterborne diseases.
The Government of Zimbabwe must respect these social rights as provided in regional and international human rights instruments it is state party to such as the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the United Nations International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Failure by government to guarantee the right to health is a serious violation of both local and international law. Equally, local authorities have a duty to account for all the funds that they charge ratepayers for water and sewerage in order to progressively contribute towards the realisation of the right to health and water.
CSHERCC says that it holds government, and through it the local authorities and the Zimbabwe National Water Authority (ZINWA), accountable for the deaths of people as they have failed to provide basic health services, medical treatment and services, clean running water and sanitary surrounds to people so as to adequately respond to and contain the spread of the waterborne disease.
“The failure by government to swiftly respond to the cholera epidemic is an unacceptable failure of leadership and represents a clear failure on the part of government to uphold its constitutional obligations as provided in the Constitution and other regional and international instruments”.
CSHERCC has therefore recommended in the short term, and more long term, the immediate implementation of a sustainable plan to prevent recurrences in future by Government as follows:
1. The Ministry of Health and Child Care, Ministry of Lands,Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement, Ministry of Environment, Tourism and Hospitality Industry, Ministry of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing, all Municipal Authorities work collaboratively and swiftly together with communities, non-state actors and take corrective measures to prevent further deaths from cholera, contain the epidemic, and prevent further outbreaks;
2. Ministry of Health and Child Care and Local Authorities urgently provide all affected people with rapid free medical assistance and treatment
3. Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement, Ministry of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing collaborate with Local Authorities to provide clean running water and sanitary environs to all affected communities and others at risk of infection to halt the spread of the deadly disease.
4. Ministry of Finance increases budget allocation on water, sanitation and hygiene to achieve 15% allocation to health as provided in the Abuja Declaration to enhance the quality of life of citizens. rights obligations in the Constitution and guarantee progressive realisation of the right to a clean environment that is not harmful, the right to healthcare, and the right to safe, clean and potable water for everyone.
6. The Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission swiftly investigates this flagrant violation of people’s fundamental right to life, health and clean water and ensure that there is substantial compliance by local authorities.
7. Government must set up an inclusive task force that looks into the recurrence of a preventable disease such as Cholera and formulate preventive strategies for non-recurrence in the future including of other water borne diseases like typhoid and ensure adequate sewage reticulation.
Citizens Health Watch
Chitungwiza and Manyame Rural Residents Association
Community Water Alliance
Combined Harare Residents Association
Community Working Group on Health
Harare Residents Trust
Vendors Initiative for Social and Economic Transformation
Zimbabwe Association of Doctors for Human Rights
Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights
Centurion Law Group and Africa Energy Chamber joins Senegal in ‘Invest in local capacity building’. Senegal tells global oil investors
September 14, 2018 | 0 Comments
Breastfeeding Programs In Africa Will Lead To Poverty Reduction, Increase Child Survival And Keeping Mothers Alive.
September 14, 2018 | 0 Comments
The GLOBAL 2018 Theme for Breastfeeding is BREASTFEEDING– FOUNDATION FOR LIFE. The World is working hard to achieve Sustainable Development Goals [SDGs] .To show its commitments. ZIMBABWE is part and parcel of SCALING UP NUTRITION MOVEMENT [SUN] formed in 2010.
Currently Zimbabwe Civil Society Organizations scaling up Nutrition Alliance [ZCSOSUNA] are scaling up Nutrition sensitive interventions with a network of its various stakeholders. The ‘hot’ topic is on the 1st 1000 days as African Governments are urged to look more on Breastfeeding than politics.
The First 1000 days of an infant baby’s survival and life are being sustained. They stand crucial as Nutrition security and Food security are to be heightened by Command Agriculture and NUTRITION scaling up programs .How-ever , African Governments needs to increase budget and scale up Nutrition for child survival .
In the 1st 1000 days, great continuum of care, empathy and financial support is no doubt to ignore .There is need to scale up Nutrition as we support Food and Nutrition security to eliminate stunting .Stunting occurs when a child lacks nutritious food . He or she in life becomes shorter than his or her expected age .If given all the necessary food requirements in what is called Balanced Diet, there is no stunting.
An Expert in the field of Nutrition, Kudakwashe Zombe advocates Scaling Up Nutrition as the great way forward in the nourishment of health for babies. They need continuum care as they grow up in well-balanced diet. It is true since it is needed for growth, body function, metabolism and body health ,maintenance and improvement.
‘Our voice is to African Governments to put more budgets on Nutrition. A Dollar spent on Nutrition in return comes with a profit of 16 Dollars .Therefore Investments in Nutrition returns more for Economic Growth and community development.
‘’We are Civil Society in Nutrition working on Scaling up Nutrition. We save children as enshrined in Convention on the Rights of the Child articles. Protocols must be followed by all countries in the Scaling up Nutrition Movement.
‘We stand for this cause to push for technical and financial support .We also call for a balanced budget spared on nutrition , to net-work, capacitate knowledge on Nutrition security and to bring advocacy and communication .’’He said.
Several diseases and conditions in line with Malnutrition namely kwashiorkor, marasmus, pellagra, anemia, scurvy .rickets and under- growth condition are called stunting. These are a threat to achievement of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. Research must be highly linked to Infant survival; a goal key to Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations .As long Nutrition targets are not met, certain goals of the United Nations won’t be realized. Prevalence rate of absolute poverty, that is lack of 3 basic needs increases.
Although Zimbabwe has done better on Millennium Development Goals 2 Achieving Universal Primary Education and 3 on Gender equality, more was meant to focus on goal 4 on improving Infant Mortality. Also there was need to look at Goal 5 on Maternal mortality and on Goal 6 , HIV and AIDS. Much still need to be improved on Sustainable Development Goals .Such is the focus on Breastfeeding.
On the sideline of Sustainable Development Goals, ZCSUNA Chairperson, Tendai Gunda is much concerned of infants’ survival chances through adequate nutrition .This must be in communities where some people are marginalized.
‘’Zimbabwe must work hard on areas of child mortality and maternal mortality. Countries must score on Sustainable Development Goals .Millennium ones, Goals 4 and 5 on the 2 areas, child mortality reduction and maternal mortality were not well done with in many developing countries.’’
‘As a nation, the need for scaling up nutrition is no doubt a priority since we are part of the scaling up nutrition Movement. We also need to network, communicate, advocate and capacitate knowledge on Nutrition’, .
There is no perfect food more than breast milk from mothers .In fact policy issues must be dealt with in-order for us to push and succeed on all we need and work towards.’’ ‘she said .
Breast milk is a universal vital component for babies is essential in combating diarrheal diseases. It increases the baby’s survival chances. Apart from these advantages, there are some outstanding advantages which stand to keep the baby always health of which breast feeding experts have explored. Therefore, a dollar spent on Child Nutrition offers more benefit to humanity than any other form of Investment. A dollar spent in return is 16 US dollars in profit.
On winning a goal for life, it is crucial to understand the past, plan for the future and celebrate 10 years of Global strategies on breastfeeding. In this age we are, breastfeeding developments are growing up at a time we are facing the adversities .These are HIV and AIDS, Climate Change and Variation which cause disasters, natural and man-made, famine, drought and floods.
On grounds of certainty, it is not the fault of the mother alone for the baby to be infected. On the level of fair talk, It is the male parent who infects the female parent. Also fathers might have been infected by some women/woman in sexual concurrent partnerships. HIV TRANSMISSION IS A VICIOUS CIRCLE.
Some men are drug users who use injections; some may be gays, like wise lesbians who are women, but the point is, its more for gays who in USA spread GRIDS [Gay related Immune Deficiency Syndrome]. From homosexual sex point of view, the virus can infect either of the parents.
Heterosexual activities are KEY transmitters in HIV and AIDS in KEY POPULATIONS. This comes later to be an effect to those babies. They become victims because of their parents who got infected during unprotected sexual intercourse and unplanned marriage as the fact might be.
The human immune virus is transmitted from the parent (in this respect) the mother) through 3 ways. First, it is during pregnancy Secondly, during birth and lastly during breastfeeding. The baby gets mainly transmitted the virus through the vaginal canal at a time of giving birth followed by breast feeding and lastly while in the womb .
Mothers upon arrival at Ante-Natal clinics according to HIV Testing Services and Maternal policies, they get tested. HIV POSITIVE pregnant mothers are – medically advised to use ARVs like Nevirapine which suppresses the virus. This is advised with their infants. Blood testing is very important to be taken regularly when mothers are pregnant. Exclusive Breastfeeding is recommended for the 1st six weeks even if the mother is positive to HIV .
The PPTCT – Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission program was first introduced in 1999 initially by ZVITAMBO PROJECT until it spreads into clinics and hospitals and taken up by some Civil Society. Up to now it has rose to greater heights. One organization at International level is Elizabeth Glacier Pediatric AIDS Foundation.
From a baby care initiative point of view, it is the right of the baby for him/her to be protected and prevented from the virus spread which causes AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is when CD4 count goes down to below 250 cells / ml of blood . Despite the threat of the virus, mothers are advised to breastfeed the first hour of birth. After that there is advice for mothers to continue breastfeeding taking into consideration the first 1000 days.
The first six months are biologically important, this infancy stage. Mothers are advised to breastfeed exclusively although positive. Exclusive breastfeeding is important because breast milk is completely perfect for babies. It provides all nutrients and water babies need during the first six months. Colostrum, the first milk is essential because it protects the baby from many diseases, boosting immunity and strengthening the body.
A senior Nutritionist Monica Muti from the Ministry of Health and Child Care, contacted for a vibrant comment pointed out that it is important to practice breastfeeding because it protects babies from diseases like diarrhea and pneumonia. She even gave a deep meaning of Exclusive Breastfeeding.
“It means giving milk only and nothing else, not even water sips, except for prescribed medicines by doctors. This goes on in hot or cold weather for about 6 months .After 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding, 70 to 100% must be mother’s milk.”
“Breast milk can contain HIV if the mother is infected. The virus can pass through breast milk. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces chances of a baby becoming infected and it increases chances of survival of babies” she stressed out clearly.
Mother to baby empathy binds the two such that their relationship moulds time and gain. During this time mothers breasts are fully solid with milk. They first produce maternal oxytocin which stimulate milk and attracts baby attention.
The Nutritionist further pointed out that after six months of birth, babies can feed on soft baby prepared food like porridge. This is called supplementary feeding. This may include bottled milk, mealie-meal, porridge mixed with peanut butter or margarine. Despite this 70%-100% must be breast milk.
In 1998 World health Organisation (WHO) concluded, “When children born to women living with HIV can be ensured uninterrupted access to nutritionally adequate breast milk substitutes that are safely prepared and fed to them, they are at less risk of illness and death. However if these conditions are not nullified, in particular in an environment where infectious diseases and malnutrition are primary causes of death during infancy, artificial feeding substantially increases children’s risk of illness and death.’’
According to research findings since time immemorial, infants who do not get adequate nutrition suffer from marasmus and kwashiorkor. Infantile marasmus is often caused by premature weaning from breast milk. Supplements from other sources deprive infants of necessary calories and proteins.
Kwashiorkor affects a child who is weaned to a diet sufficient in calories but deficient in proteins and nitrogen .This condition comes under diseases related to malnutrition which are common in many developing countries .These fall under banana republic’s South of America, Southern and Eastern Africa, Central Europe and Asia and some Island parts of the world.
Depriving infants mother’s milk is an unhealthy situation because the milk contains docosahexia aenoic and acidonic acid which energises, strengthens muscles, activates brains and improves sight. Also present is calcium which moulds bones and strengthens teeth.
Breastfeeding extends post partum infertility by delaying ovulation and reducing menstruation and normally women do not menstruate during breastfeeding. Women who have breast fed have lower chances of suffering from breast cancer @ the same time their babies have more chances of survival.
Breastfeeding gives mothers spacing time thereby reducing fertility leading to planned ways of giving birth.
Experts of sundry dimensions had a lot to say, a Medical Doctor, Portia Manangazira pointed out.
“Breastfeeding increases an infant’s survival chances. Infants’ breastfed during the first two months of birth have only 37% risk of death. It is important in countries with high mortality rates especially in Africa, south of the Sahara”, she said.
Some experts have viewed breastfed infants as more boxum and smarter than any other infants. However, in this era of HIV and AIDS inspite of its presence, women being positive or not are highly advised to breastfeed exclusively especially the first six months after birth and look beyond 1000 days, that is the first 3 years of life. .
On a higher note concerning women health, it is a fact that women who lose blood during child birth suffer anemia. It is defined as red blood cells or oxygen carrying capacity insufficient to meet psychological needs which vary by age, sex attitude ,smoking and pregnancy status. According to this journalist’s qualitative research, women of age 15 to 49 years are 28% anemic.
When mothers are said to be anemic, it means they lack iron which is important in mostly breast feeding mothers .Iron deficiency in lactating mothers leads to reduction in immunity to certain extent that they give room to HIV, that is if they engage in unprotected sex when they are pregnant or before it.. This is called Iron Deficiency Anemia.
The other type of anemia is vitamin B12 Foliate Deficient Anemia. Foliate is from folic acid which helps tissues grow and cells work. Symptoms of anemia are energy loss, rapid heartbeat, difficult breath, headache, dizziness, pale skin, leg cramps and insomnia which is lack of sleep. Lactating women who suspect these symptoms must immediately visit the Medical Doctor for diagnosis of anemia.
Mothers are recommended to get straight advice from doctors and nutritionists for more information on nutrition guidelines. However the code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes and Infant Regulation recommends breastfeeding mothers not to use bottled milk the first six months. Even if it is to be used there are particular guidelines to be followed.
Author can be contacted via emai;firstname.lastname@example.org
D.R.Congo:What Do Our Cenco Bishops Finally Want?
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
Since President Joseph Kabila’s unprecedented historic decision to scrupulously respect the Constitution by not running for a third consecutive term, it had been believed that the quarteron of the Catholic Church’s crowned heads who were auctioning off the alleged project of violation of the Basic Law by the Head of State, had come to their senses.
No, I don’t think so. The temptation of clericalism, which is the clergy’s claim to dominate political life, even though it was criticized by Pope Francis, was clearly too strong in some of them.
Since Monday, they have returned with a heavy burden against the Congolese electoral process, yet until recently they were passionate defenders through an advocacy document addressed to the President of Zambia in his capacity as President of SADC.
Certainly, the Bishops of CENCO who signed this memorandum underline some significant progress in the process. But the concerns and worries they express embrace point by point the most far-fetched theses of a certain radicalized opposition at the same time as they tend to destroy the work of appropriation of the said process by the Congolese themselves.
Whether it is the insecurity in the East that they pretend to suddenly discover whereas they were clamouring for elections despite this insecurity, which is also in the process of being reduced;
Whether it is a question of some deficiencies in the electoral register already settled or in the process of being settled by the CENI in accordance with the Electoral Law or the exclusion of some candidates for the presidential election for reasons of ineligibility based on the Law, such as the prohibition of a third consecutive term of office for President Kabila, which they had made themselves the spokespersons;
And finally, the use of the voting machine, which responds to the need to rationalize the electoral process advocated by the entire political class in December 2016, under their auspices;
In view of the recommendations made by the Bishops, which are nothing less than an attempt to dispossess Congo’s sovereignty in favour of foreign actors such as the SADC, to which they demand that the subcontracting of Congolese elections be entrusted, one may wonder whether these prelates do not relapse into their historical role as foreign intermediaries opposed to the total independence of the DRC as their Belgian precursors were in the aftermath of independence in 1960.
Their apocalyptic alarm bell sounds in this respect, resemble a call for the Congo to be placed under guardianship, and an early encouragement to undermine the credibility of any idea of national sovereignty. This is an attitude that is unacceptable to all Congolese patriots, who lay claim to their full rights of self-determination acquired 58 years ago, as well as peace and respect for the rule of law.
South Sudanese president, rebel leader sign final peace deal without reservations
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Deng Machol
Juba – South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir signed a final revitalized peace agreement with rebel factions in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa in the latest an attempt to end almost fifth year’s civil war.
The event that took place on Wednesday evening was under the auspices of the regional political bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, IGAD.
The signing in Ethiopia came after months of negotiations and preliminary pacts. It seeks to draw a line under the conflict that began in December 2013, has caused near-economic collapse and forced more than a third of the country’s estimated 12 million citizens from their homes, fueling the world’s third-largest refugee crisis after Syria and Afghanistan.
South Sudan plunged into warfare two years after independence from Sudan in 2011 when a political dispute between Kiir and then vice-president Riek Machar erupted into armed confrontation. The civil war has killed more than 10,000 people, displaced two million and held up the country’s progress since it gained independence seven years ago.
Machar, leader of the main rebel group, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition, and other insurgent factions, includes South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA), Gabriel Chang Changson, and SPLM- FDs leading member Deng Alor signed the new agreement with the Juba government after assurances that a power-sharing accord would be honored.
The deal, which has international and regional backing, grants rebels and other opposition figures major positions in an expanded South Sudanese government, with Machar returning as first vice president. It won’t be enacted until May at the earliest and is the second attempt to form a transitional administration with the rebel leader after the first collapsed weeks into its implementation in 2016.
A previous peace deal signed in 2015 fell apart a year later after clashes broke out between government forces and rebels in July 2016, followed a months of the formation of TGONU.
The deal was signed by leaders of the different factions and by representatives of the IGADregion and the body’s secretariat. IGAD is currently led by Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, he delivered a stern warning to the parties to ensure that the current deal does not fail.
“The eyes of the world are upon us as the South Sudan leaders commit today to press for reconciliation and lasting peace in their country,” Ethiopian Prime Minister Ahmed said ahead of the signing.
In statements after the signing ceremony, the information minister Michael Makuei welcomed the signing of the revitalized peace agreement by all the parties, said that his government from now on wards will start the implementation process.
“Nobody abstained from the agreement and from now onward we will start with the implementation. My appeal to the people of South Sudan is that let us forgive ourselves, let’s work together for the whole interest of our people,” Makuei said.
For his part, a member of the opposition group, Dr Lam Akol describes the signing as big step forward:
“I must say it is a big step forward, meaning it is a bright day for South Sudan that the parties have finally put their signature on a peace agreement that we hope will last,” Dr. Akol said, who is due to take over vice president post.
On other hand, the head of the United Nations mission in South Sudan, David Shearer, welcomed the agreement while warning the “greatest challenges are yet to come during the implementation phase.”
“The United Nations and the international community will be expected to play their role in assisting with genuine reconciliation and peacebuilding activities. However, we need to be persuaded by the demonstration of collective political will of the parties to implement an agreed and realistic implementation plan,” said David Shearer, at signing ceremony. “The key ingredient still lacking is trust. Those signing the agreement are former friends and foes. From my discussions with the parties, suspicion is widespread. It is beholden on all of us to encourage trust between parties,” he added.
The SRSG particularly acknowledged the efforts of the IGAD, the Governments of Sudan and Ethiopia who have patiently championed negotiations over the past few months and shown true leadership in bringing the parties together to sign a new agreement.
“A genuine commitment to peace and concrete actions to implement the agreement will encourage the people of South Sudan to move back to their homes to lead lives that are safe and self-reliant. And, enable the country to transition from its current dire economic state to an environment that attracts investment and development,” Shearer said.
Troika countries’ concerns
While the government and UNMISS is optimistic about the new deal that aim to end the bloody shed in East Africa’s youngest nation, the Troika countries remain skeptical over the latest deal.
“We remain concerned about the parties’ level of commitment to this agreement and to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement,” said a statement on Wednesday by the UK, the U.S. and Norway, the troika that worked to bring South Sudan to independence in 2011. To be convinced of both sides’ the commitment to peace, they need to see a significant change in approach, the statement read in part.
The troika countries want to see an end to the violence, full humanitarian access given to aid workers, the release of political prisoners and see checks on executive and majority power and the transparent use of resources.
“This must include, but not be limited to: an end to violence and full humanitarian access; the release of political prisoners; and a real commitment to effective and accountable implementation, demonstrated by supporting robust security and enforcement mechanisms, checks on executive and majority power, and the transparent use of resources for the benefit of all South Sudanese,” they said. “Without progress in these critical areas, we remain concerned the agreement will not deliver the peace that the people of South Sudan deserve,” they further added.
Of recently, the Troika and the European Union threatened to stop their support for the activities and institutions tasked with the implementation of the South Sudan peace agreement.
Revitalized transitional government draft
According to the Revitalized Agreement on Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (RARCSS), a pre-transitional period of eight months shall come into force within two weeks of the signing revitalized agreement. At this period, the parties are expected to commit to their people and the international community that they will not return to war.
However, the IGAD’s information program manager shared details of the 128 – page document which chiefly among others was expected to lead to the formation of a revitalized transitional government of national unity, RTGoNU.
The RTGoNU is to be based in the capital Juba and will be expected to steer affairs of Africa’s youngest nation for a period of thirty-six months. The transitional period is expected to commence eight months after the signing of today’s agreement.
The term and mandate of the RTGoNU shall be for the duration of the Transitional Period, until such time that elections are held, except as provided for in this Agreement.
The RTGoNU is expected to last for three years. The RTGoNU shall hold elections sixty (60) days before the end of the Transitional Period in order to establish a democratically elected government.
The revitalized deal maintained incumbent president Kiir to lead the transitional period with opposition leader Dr. Machar, deputizing him as the first vice president. Machar would also lead the governance cluster.
The mediators also maintained the four vice presidents, with the incumbent TGoNU nominating two, and then the SSOA, and the SPLM – FD nominating one each.
At this period, there will be 35 ministers with the incumbent TGoNU nominating 20, the SPLM – IO 9 ministers, the SSOA 3 ministers, the SPLM-FD 2 and other opposition parties 1 minister. Up to ten deputy ministers will also be nominated.
The TNLA will be composed of 550 members, with the incumbent TGONU nominating 332 Mps, the SPLM-IO 128 Mps, the SSOA 50 Mps, the OPP 35 Mps and the SPLM-FD 5 Mps. The speaker of the TNLA will be nominated by the incumbent TGoNU and one deputy speaker to be nominated by OPP and the other, a woman, to be nominated by the incumbent TGoNU.
In the deal, Sudan and Uganda troops will be deploy in South Sudan to ensure the full commitment of the parties to the agreement.
For the deployment of Ethiopian and Kenyan troops, the deal provides issue of deployment of the RPF shall be handled through the engagement of IGAD and the UN Security Council.
Ethiopia is already present in South Sudan as the peacekeeping operation which is part of the monitoring mechanism. Kenya was part of the UN mission but withdrew its troops after a UN reporting blaming the UNMISS force commander, a Kenyan general for not taking the necessary measure to protect civilians in July 2016.
This latest peace deal brings to an end the talks on the revitalization of the 2015 peace accord, which was violated in July 2016 when the bodyguards of Kiir and Riek clashed at the presidential palace in Juba.
African Innovation Foundation (AIF)’s top 10 nominees announced for the prestigious US$185 000 Innovation Prize for Africa 2018 awards
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
|The top 10 nominees reflect Pan African flavour of Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA) with representation from north, west, east, central and southern Africa, including Madagascar|
|ZURICH, Switzerland, September 13, 2018/ — IPA 2018 keenly contested with 3 000+ applicants from over 52 countries; This year’s innovations address critical challenges in ICT, agri-business, public health and the environment/ energy sectors; The top 10 nominees reflect Pan African flavour of IPA with representation from north, west, east, central and southern Africa, including Madagascar.
The African Innovation Foundation (AIF) (www.AfricanInnovation.org) today announced its top 10 nominees for its prestigious Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA) (InnovationpPizeforAfrica.org) 2018 awards. This year’s Call for Applications with its theme “African innovation: Investing in Inclusive Innovation Ecosystems” attracted more than 3 000 applications from 52 African countries. Building on the AIF mandate, submissions this year demonstrate significant breakthroughs in ICT, agri-business, public health and the environment/ energy sectors to improve the lives and economic prospects of Africans.
Says Walter Fust, AIF Chairman: “Now in its seventh year running, we have witnessed multi-million-dollar businesses emerging from the IPA initiative, with health, environment/energy and agricultural innovations leaving imprints across the African continent and beyond. Our theme this year prompts the need for increased collaboration between government, business, industry, innovation enablers and the community to further realise African prosperity and economic freedom.”
The IPA initiative has grown from strengthen to strength mobilizing, rewarding and honoring top African innovators whilst also building strategic partnerships with innovation enablers to strengthen innovation ecosystems in Africa. To date, AIF has supported 55 IPA winners/nominees with US$ 1 million+ and mobilized 9 400+ innovators from all 55 African countries. AIF endorsement and exposure generated through IPA have seen past winners securing over US$135 million worth of investments to grow and scale their businesses. IPA past winners and nominee company valuations amount to US$200 million+.
Managing Director of AIF, Pauline Mujawamariya Koelbl who has steered the IPA program since its establishment in 2011, said: “We are proud of the impressive innovations that made it to the top 10 this year. They are evident examples of African ingenuity and each innovation is solving a real challenge in a key sector. Africa, and indeed the rest of the world, must keep an eye out – these innovations are ready to propel our continent’s global competitiveness in the market! Furthermore, these top 10 nominees are a great reminder that if given access to capital, Africans are capable of solving African challenges whilst also contributing to the rest of the world.”
Meet the top 10 IPA nominees whose innovations are in the sectors of agri-business, public health and well-being, ICT, energy, environment and water as follows:
Biodegradable seed tray for rice farming (Madagascar) – Juslain Nomenjanahary Raharinaivo: Rice is a staple food in many African countries, constituting a major part of the diet. With an ongoing demand for increased rice production, some African countries are not self-sufficient. In Madagascar, seeds are therefore sowed in innovative pots made of paper, called BG or biodegradable germinators. Growers transplant seedlings into easy-to-transplant clumps with very high tilling capacity which also increases rice yields and allow possibilities to expand the area under cultivation.
Buried Diffuser (Tunisia) – Mr. Wassim Chahbani: Irrigated systems play a major role in sustaining livelihoods in Africa and the world over. Water in agricultural use is critical for crop yields, and reducing consumption is necessary to increase the amount of available water for other uses. The Buried Diffuser saves irrigation water, energy, and use of fertilizers, reducing zero water waste through evaporation. Water is injected directly to the roots, radically reducing water consumption levels used for irrigation.
Efficient detection of TB and Hepatitis C (Morocco) – Professor Abdeladim Moumen and Dr. Hassan Ait Benhassou: Hepatitis C and Tuberculosis (TB) are critical health burdens in Africa. Besides lack of available treatment, access to accurate and cost-effective diagnostic tests remain a challenge across the continent. This innovation comprises two molecular tests for the rapid, accurate and effective detection and load quantification of both diseases. The technology allows specific detection of the hepatitis C or TB genome in blood or sputum samples; tests are clinically validated, simple, accurate and low cost.
eNose sensor for tea processing (Uganda) – Abraham Natukunda: This innovation applies an “eNose” and analytics platform to supplement current tea processing procedures using low power sensor devices to determine optimum levels of tea fermentation. An analytics platform receives and analyses the sensor data, providing real-time monitoring of key reactive elements and compounds during the tea-processing period, ensuring efficient traceability, prediction, and motion. This innovation will lead to improved control results in better tea quality, boosting marketability and increased revenue for tea processors from each bushel of tea harvested.
Incas Vaginal Discharge Kit (Ghana) – Dr. Laud Anthony Basing: Incas Vagkit is a 3-in-1 urine-based test kit that examines vaginal infections. Linked to a mobile application, it offers a convenient and fast solution for women experiencing vaginal infections. The Vagkit simply requires a urine sample and can be used at home; results are available within 10 minutes. This innovation drastically reduces testing time for vaginal infections in Africa, leading to the efficient and quick detection and management of vaginitis.
“iThrone” portable toilet (Egypt) – Dr. Diana Yousef: “We shrink it” is a revolutionary approach to removing un-piped sewage. This technology innovation is a disruptive yet low-cost composite polymer membrane that essentially “shrink-wraps crap” aggressively evaporating or “flushing” away the full water content of daily sewage output without need for added heat, energy or flush water. This innovation responds to the problem of poor sanitation and health conditions, as well as pollution caused by sewerage. iThrone cuts off a significant amount of methane emissions that are generated by unmanaged/uncollected sewage.
Mobile Shiriki Network (Rwanda) – Henri Nyakarundi: The Shiriki Hub is a Smart Solar Kiosk, powered by strong solar panels and equipped with large capacity batteries, Internet of things (IoT) sensors, and a custom designed router, offering device charging, virtual top-ups, and low-cost connectivity. Designed as a business-in-a-box and distributed on a micro-franchise basis, this is an ideal solution for digital connectivity to rural populations and temporal settlements such as refugee camps.
Natural solutions for skeletal regeneration and repair (South Africa) – Prof. Keolebogile Shirley Motaung: A multi-method approach using natural products for skeletal regeneration and repair. La-Africa Soother (LAS) is a topical paste ointment for sportspeople as a natural anti-inflammatory cream to treat pain and inflammation. The second product which is Plant-Based Morphogenetic Factor Implant (PBMF) induces bone and cartilage formation. Treatment of fractures has been a continuous challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. The latter product differs from knee replacement, autografts and allografts, offering quick results with no waiting period and no harvesting of tissue, with relief and safety for patients.
Reducing pollution in an eco-friendly way using GKSORB! (Benin) – Dr Fohla Mouftaou: Water hyacinth is an environmental threat in many African countries, invading lakes, rivers, and agricultural fields. The threat affects agriculture, the fishing industry, health and livelihoods. GKSORB is 100% organic and biodegradable fiber with the potential to absorb up to 17 times its weight. Made from water hyacinth, it can be used as a separator for hydrocarbons or as a cleaning agent for surfaces contaminated by various pollutants such as hydrocarbons, acids and paints.
Waxy II Technology (Tanzania) – Christian Mwijage: His company recycles and transforms post-consumer waste plastic into durable and environmentally friendly plastic lumber using a chemical-free and energy conserving technology called “Waxy ӀӀ technology” for building, construction and furniture production. Every year, more than nine million tonnes of plastic garbage ends up in the ocean causing a major threat to marine life and people. Plastic timber is an affordable alternative to wood timber and reduces the need for building material manufactured from wood, preserving forests, cutting down on deforestation and mitigating the effects of climate change
IPA (InnovationpPizeforAfrica.org) brings together 450+ movers and shakers representing African innovation ecosystems annually through this award. Six successful IPA editions have been hosted in every region in Africa in partnership with host country Governments as follows: 2012: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2013: Cape Town, South Africa; 2014: Abuja, Nigeria; 2015: Skhirat, Morocco; 2016: Gaborone, Botswana; and 2017: Accra, Ghana. Follow this link (InnovationPrizeforAfrica.org/#2018) to learn more about IPA and IPA 2018 nominees.
Do you want to get involved in IPA 2018 as a sponsor or partner? Contact us for an outstanding opportunity to position yourself as a key player in the African innovation landscape through collaborating and networking opportunities; new partnerships; brand awareness and marketplace alignment; and media, PR and online publicity on local and international platforms.
Due to unforeseen circumstances, AIF would like to inform its partners, stakeholders and the innovation community that the IPA 2018 Awards event is postponed and the new date will be communicated in due course. Keep watching this space for updates!
About African Innovation Foundation:
Our purpose is to increase the prosperity of Africans by catalysing the innovation spirit in Africa. Our innovation-led programs showcase innovators and foster an innovation culture across the continent through the Innovation Prize for Africa (InnovationpPizeforAfrica.org) and we support legal business ecosystems through innovative access to law through the African Law Library .
Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA) (InnovationpPizeforAfrica.org) is a landmark initiative of the AIF . Its goal is to strengthen African innovation ecosystems through supporting a culture of innovation and competitiveness, whilst spurring growth of innovative, market-driven African solutions to African challenges.
How Djibouti like Zambia is about to loose its port to China
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
One such African country that is exhibiting all the red flag signals of going Sri Lankan and now Zambian way is Djibouti
BEIJING, China, September 13, 2018/ — Beijing’s cumulative loans to Africa since 2000 amounted to $124-billion by 2016, according to figures compiled by the China-Africa Research Initiative (CARI).
Djibouti is projected to take on public debt worth around 88 percent of the country’s overall $1.72 billion GDP, with China owning the lion’s share of it.
On March 2018, Djibouti signed a partnership agreement with a Singaporean company that works with China Merchants Port Holdings Co. or CMPort—the same state-owned corporation that gained control of the Hambantota port in Sri Lanka—to build the Doraleh Multipurpose Port.
In recent years, China has emerged as a key investor and a generous, ready and easy lender to African countries.
Beijing’s cumulative loans to Africa since 2000 amounted to $124-billion by 2016, according to figures compiled by the China-Africa Research Initiative (CARI) at Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies in the United States.
Angola, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya and the Democratic Republic of Congo respectively, were the top beneficiaries of these loans. Angola’s oil-related loans worth $21.2 billion since 2000 total roughly a quarter of cumulative Chinese loans to the entire continent.
“Half of those loans were given in the past four years,” Janet Eom, an associate researcher at CARI, told DW. “So Africa’s debt to China is becoming more of a concern moving forward.”
While African Presidents are at least this time round somehow exempted from the indignity of being talked down while clutching their begging bowls at western capitals before a few notes is thrown into their bowls, the readily available Chinese loans are not entirely risk free.
Economists and other international financial institutions are becoming increasingly worried that the East Asian giant under a careful disguised “debt trap” diplomacy is burying many developing and poor countries in massive debt and then forcing the highly indebted countries to hand over some of their key infrastructures’ such as the case of Sri Lanka.
One such African country that is exhibiting all the red flag signals of going Sri Lankan and now Zambian way is Djibouti.
Djibouti lies more than 2,500 miles from Sri Lanka but the East African country faces a predicament similar to what its peer across the sea confronted in 2017, after borrowing more money from China than it could pay back.
In both countries, the money went to infrastructure projects under the aegis of China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
Sri Lanka racked up more than $8 billion worth of debt to Chinese sovereign-backed banks at interest rates as high as 7 percent reaching a level too high to service. With nearly all its revenue going toward debt repayment, in 2017 after being pushed to the wall, Sri Lanka threw in the towel and handed over the Chinese-built port at Hambantota under a 99-year lease with China having a 70 percent stake.
Djibouti is projected to take on public debt worth around 88 percent of the country’s overall $1.72 billion GDP, with China owning the lion’s share of it, according to a report published in March by the Center for Global Development.
At the end of 2016 China owned 82% of Djibouti’s external debt.
On March 2018, Djibouti signed a partnership agreement with a Singaporean company that works with China Merchants Port Holdings Co. or CMPort—the same state-owned corporation that gained control of the Hambantota port in Sri Lanka—to build the Doraleh Multipurpose Port.
That project was completed in May 2017.
The port is significant not only because it sits next to China’s only overseas military base but also because it is the main access point for American, French, Italian and Japanese bases in Djibouti and is used — because of its strategic location — by parts of the U.S. military that operate in Africa, the Middle East and beyond.
One concern is that the Djibouti government, facing mounting debt and increasing dependence on extracting rents, would be pressured to hand over control of Camp Lemonnier to China.
In a letter to National Security Advisor John Bolton in May, Sen. James Inhofe (R-Okla.) and Sen. Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), two members of the Senate Armed Service Committee, wrote that Djibouti’s President Guelleh seems willing to “sell his country to the highest bidder,” undermining U.S. military interests.
“Djibouti’s now identified as one of those countries that are at high risk of debt distress. So, that should be sending off all sorts of alarm bells for Djiboutians as well as for the countries that really rely on Djibouti, such as the United States,” said Joshua Meservey, a senior policy analyst at the Heritage Foundation.
And that’s not all, China is not done yet with Djibouti, Beijing has been earmarked the country as one of 68 countries set to be involved in its ambitious One Belt and One Road Initiative (OBOR).
Problem is eight of the 68 countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative currently face unsustainable debt levels, according the Center for Global Development’s report.
The eight nations are Djibouti, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, the Maldives, Mongolia, Montenegro, Pakistan, and Tajikistan.
As past experiences have shown the eight nations will certainly be enticed to chew more than they can swallow and by the end of it end up being even poorer than they are now.
As the cradle of mankind continues to sink deeper into debt condemning future generations to economic slavery, the late Whitney Houston feat Deborah Cox classic ‘Same Script, Different Cast’ has never rang truer.
Zimbabwe:Temba Mliswa On Hiv And Aids Campaign To Stamp Down Social Media Allegations..
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Nevsion Mpofu..
The good work done by USA PEPFAR ORGANIZATION on HIV and AIDS TESTING CAMPAIGN has prompted prominent Legislator Themba Mliswa to take the facsimile to the general public. Themba Mliswa has vehemently advocated for ‘’Early detection, know your status and act responsibly ‘’ HIV Awareness .The campaign is to be carried out at New Start Centre in Harare. The Public HIV TEST is in response to recent unfounded social media allegations that he is getting in love with young girls at the expense of their Health in terms of HIV and AIDS .
The straight forward speaking Legislator for Norton constituency has been peddled in social media allegations and tattles that he is in the habit of consorting with underage girls. Mliswa denies this with a snarl as he says ,
‘’I categorically deny such frivolous claims with the contempt they deserve. I am aware that I can deny it until I am blue in the face, yet they will be the tattlers that insist otherwise. Such is the depravity of society. I have young daughters. It boggles the mind to think that I could ever fathom to engage in such perverted acts’
‘’My campaign is to lead the people to New Start Center where the exercise will be carried at New Africa House 40 Kwame Nkrumah Avenue in Harare . It is in the protection of those who may be voiceless but who feel the pain .It is to encourage early detection. It is to urge everyone to know their status. It is also to impress upon everybody to act responsibly ‘’
Social Media, Mliswa says it snaps a bad portrait of its ugly face as he angrily speaks volumes of its careless whispers in the dark of those pictured.
‘’Social media is being abused. This is affecting some other people who are just quiet. Many people become gullible to every word or story told without proof,
‘’This is morally wrong. In these peddled stories, let us separate fact from fiction. Sensationalism does not signify authenticity. We are always to be alert to hinge news to evidence just as court of justice’’, he said .
HIV and AIDS Experts also condemn social media that takes bad, wrong stories to denigrate others. An HIV and AIDS Activist Maud Chirisa of Harare said such acts are immoral. This with the social media creates stigma and discrimination.
‘’Social media creates room for stigma and discrimination in society. Many people end up failing to access Testing, counseling and treatment, this leading to the perpetuity of HIV and AIDS in society ‘’,she said .
A Lawyer by profession Enock Marevo said the laws of the country in relation to social media must be looked at critically because many people are submerged their human rights.
‘’Many people are being submerged their human rights. As a Legal person I feel it bad to leave all the scalding fingers of those who are clean and perfect. Mliswa this is time to act responsibly’’, he shouted.
Currently there are 4 million people estimated living with HIV which progresses to AIDS in Zimbabwe. Around the world there are over 45 to 50 billion people infected. However a big number is not aware of their status. Among these are key populations spreading the virus which if not well managed progresses to AIDS.
Zimbabwe has done many interventions and programs. Secondly there are many policies and strategies put in place to curb the spread of the virus. HIV prevalence and incidence rate has decreased as a result of the interventions and holistic approaches. Guidelines in line with adherence and proper use of
Anti- Retroviral therapy directs people into a life that is HIV FREE.
PEPFAR is working in the country to push on the success of the 95 , 95 , 95 targets which looks towards complete eradication and total elimination of HIV and AIDS . The targets looks at 95% of people to get tested and know their status , 95% to get in Anti-Retrovirals and 95% suppression of the viral .
Zimbabwe Struggles To Scale Up Alleviation Of Communicable Diseases As Politics Overpowers Health Services Delivery.
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Nevson Mpofu.
Zimbabwe is far away from winning the UNITED NATIONS Sustainable Development Goals on Poverty and Health by 2030. If no strong interventions, strategies and policies are put in place and implemented to reduce Water-Bourne Communicable Diseases like cholera and Typhoid, the country will fall out of Health space. This will indicate that the Health delivery system of the country is malfunctioned to spearhead economic growth.
Water and other food borne diseases have had a strong forceful impact on the lives of especially those vulnerable to communicable diseases. Cholera is caused by vibrio-cholera bacteria and Typhoid which is second to Cholera is caused by salmonella typhus bacteria. These two among others diarrhea and dysentery continue to cause Health problems in the country.
The recent outbreak has left doubt if the new Government will come up with any future workable solutions to curb this once and for all .The new outbreak killed 10 people in Budiriro , Glenview and Glenora .These are Harare’s western high density suburbs.
The new sworn in Minister of Health and Child Care Doctor Obadiah Moyo has still to take the fire breathing challenge as he gets in office. He faces a challenge because the country has no financial resources, medication, ambulances and enough Health centers and required facilities. The Annual budget is not enough for Health sustenance to win on Health Goals to eradicate and eliminate communicable diseases.
In 2008, the country was seriously hit by cholera which killed more than 2000 people in the high density suburb of Budiriro . Late last year and in August this year there were outbreaks of typhoid which also broke out in Chegutu and Gweru killing a total of 10 people. High population in urban areas has led to water scarcity. This results in poor, no clean water supply. As a result, handling of food is difficult at house hold level.
Twice in 2016 Cholera, Typhoid, Diarrhea and Dysentery hit in the city center of Harare and in Mbare flats. The Government made its effort to contain the problem. The latest one is the recent outbreak which is still under surveillance as the Government is held accountable for its more focus on politics at the expense of Health.
. A total of 1 223 were tested positive to cholera. One hundred  were confirmed to be hospitalized and discharged at Beatrice Infectious Diseases Hospital in Harare by 10 September.
Way-back Pertaining this, Dr David Parirenyatwa the former Minister of Health and Child Care in 2008 said the Ministry will put in place strong measures working with holistic strategies at country level. He made a lot of ‘’now empty’’ promises in terms of Health delivery which were never met since this problem began.
‘’My Ministry is aware of the adverse consequences. We have put in place strong measures and holistic strategies to see to it that we win the battle against the outbreak of cholera which claimed the lives of 4000 people in Budiriro .
‘’We thank UNICEF for helping us fight this battle of which we would not have won. Our greatest challenge is that of resources which we do not have as a country at the moment. However, we are pushing for a better bigger budget and also partnering with other International organizations to contain communicable diseases.
‘’ It is our effort to contain this. Also those affected must receive free treatment. Since this is free, we want to see everyone given support ‘’
In 2015, 2016, 2017 and recently before he left office with the coming of a new cabinet, he said the Government is crucially looking at this issue. He stated that his Ministry had already deployed Health officials in the areas affected.
The Director of the Epidemiology Department Dr Portia Manangazira said the recent cholera which killed more than 10 people by 10 September in Budiriro had been caused by a sewer pipe which contaminated bore-hall water. She added that the Ministry of Health is planning to write a proposal to get cholera injections to curb the problem.
‘’We have taken heed of this serious problem. The Ministry detected and sniffed the cause. The Ministry is planning to do a proposal to get cholera injections for use in affected areas in the near future. We have had this problem for some time, but now we need action on the ground ‘’.
Although the Ministry of Health and Child care and UNICEF in 2008 worked together so hard with other partners to curb the spread, there is much needed to be done. There is need to reflect on the horrible situation of 2008. Stronger interventions related to the spread are needed.
It is clear that the Government failed to control the spread of several issues related to over-population in urban areas. Movement of people from rural to urban areas is for the search of better living conditions brought by business opportunities and creation of employment. Alas, jobs are nowhere found in urban areas.
This is the main reason why urban communities have become over-populated with heavy dependency ratio. Some have turned to street vending, sex work and shady deals. Urban centers throughout the world have reached almost 4 billion population exceeding rural ones by half a billion. Climate Change impacts are more in rural areas. The urban is affected too when it comes to water and food management.
This in time speaks more about the Great Demographer and Economist, Thomas Malthus who in the 18th century predicted that by the 20th century, population would be almost 6-billion shoot overcoming total resources available. For sure, resources have failed to meet the demand of the total population of this century which is 7 and half billion people.
This was predicted, when the World was at almost 2 billion people or less. Besides scarcity of natural resources, jobs have become scarce, this causing cities and towns to get more populated. No wonder why communicable diseases have taken toll in towns and cities. They spread more in developing countries of the world still impacted by absolute poverty.
City of Harare Public Relations Manager Michael Chideme said the population in the city had ballooned over the recent decades. He however pointed out that the council was planning to bring proper management related to vending which he said had increased alarmingly.
‘’There are over 10,000 vendors on the streets of Harare. As City of Harare we are working out on to have proper structures where we can take these people to for their business. We have tried to do this . We want to contain the flow of communicable diseases in the city center.’’
Africa has a total population of 1 billion people .Many of its people are in urban communities where there are no jobs. Worse to it as an Environmental mess , air , water and land pollution has caused communicable diseases . These are Tuberculosis an air Bourne , cardiovascular food and water-Bourne ones , schistosomiasis and vector borne like malaria .
The rural- urban drift has at the same time been exacerbated by Global Warming leading to climate change. This leads to elnina which is low rainfall and lanina excessive rainfall sometimes leading to metrological and hydrological drought respectively. Economic hardships have led as well to drought caused by lack of sufficient inputs to boost Agriculture sector for Food and Nutrition Security.
Intertwined together, this created problems in towns and cities because population rose to alarming levels. This causes the spread of communicable diseases. Both Cholera, Typhoid, the two are a result of fecal oral route transmission via contaminated food and water. This explains the effect of eating food with unwashed hands and drinking dirty water.
WASH programs by UNICEF and partners prove working in schools. Some Health experts urge the Government working with World Health Organization to launch the Water and Sanitation Health program in highest density areas. This could be in the Central Business Districts of urban areas like at flea markets, bus terminuses, shanty dwelling areas and at huge gatherings. The spread can be maintained.
UNICEF Country Representative Mahomed Ayoya has said in brief that the organization gave support in 2008. UNICEF in 2008 drilled boreholes in Budiriro for the sake of children. Asked to comment, he pointed out that they have not taken a step at the moment but they are ready to.
‘’We work with Minis try of Health and Child Care in giving support when such problems likely to affect children arise. The Ministry is doing its level best as a country. They will make it. What we want achieved by end of the day is to make children and pregnant mothers be kept alive’’, he said.
World Health Organization Country Representative Juliet Nabiyonga echoed the same sentiments adding that the Government of Zimbabwe had done better in many areas in terms of Health delivery. This, she said could be a problem because of lack of resources not drugs. She however added that they have a pack of solutions.
‘’Zimbabwe has done well in Health Service delivery. The country did well with the previous outbreaks. Still it can do better than before. What is needed is better source of resources, medication, training of its Professional staff Doctors and Nurses and capacity building in Community Health Care Workers. ’’, she said.
Let us be back to the Malthusian Theory on population. In 1980 Zimbabwe had a total population of 5 to 6 million. Harare had 1 million people with the same sanitary facilities like toilets we have in the city Centre. Today it has a total population of about 4 million people still served by the same infrastructure which is dilapidating .Besides toilets, sewer system and water piping is just the same. At one household you get five families with total of up to 20 people using one toilet, water pipeline and disposing waste along the road close by.
This brings us to the point why cholera and typhoid still lingers around .On this point of infrastructure, it is the issue of poor Governance, lack of policies, strategies and lack of political will. Secondly, there are low trainings by the Government and civil society on issues related to Communicable diseases defined under Community Health, Public and Population Health.
Above all, the fact on ground was politically explored .Former Mayor of Harare Councilor Charles Manyenyeni said tricks and power of politics is one challenge behind, and ahead, stressing his points in anger he pointed out,
‘’What we see as Health horror in the country is all about Politics failing Health Delivery in the country. This started long back. All these people were supposed to have been removed by the Government, but, alas ‘’POLITICS IN ZIMBABWE IS STRONGER THAN HEALTH DELIVERY.’’
‘’The number of vendors has increased alarmingly. This is because those at the top want to remain in power. ZANU PF has always been the problem. All it talks is only politics not Economic Development .What kind of thing is this?
The Councilor talked of Operation Murambatsvina of 2005. Under the program many back door cottages which were not on plan were demolished. According to sources inside Mugabe Politics, this was done to remove opposition out of towns where the majority is .On Health and Social reasons; it was done to reduce number of people in house- holds. Water and sanitation, sewage systems pipelining and garbage removal could be easy in towns if measures were correctly put in place.
Organizations are few. If there are some, they lack funding and they are plagued by political factions and corruption .Advocacy linked to policy and legislation is highly in demand to capacitate communities on Health issues affecting them on daily basis. Advocacy calls the Law to bring eradication and sometimes elimination of ailments.
The Government’s failure to address such issues normally results in up-risings against t it in many First World countries with Liberal Democracy like in USA , Canada , Australia and Britain , Germany , Netherlands and a few to mention .
Communities in such countries take collective action, engage civil society and question the Government on such issues. Communities lack sensitization, awareness and advocacy on Health because of low Humanitarian crisis Education. Secondly, citizens fear their Leaders and issues related to political violence and conflicts. Lastly, in developing countries in Africa Leaders take more time talking politics not business.
People in the developed world are more aware of International instruments like Global Health Policy, protocols and Conventions. Citizens in developed countries hold local community based symposiums before an outbreak. Together with the use of media, much information is vastly disseminated. Apart from media, every local community has its center with full Health facilities, technology and expertise in the form of community health workers prepared for such disasters.
Disaster preparedness is not only centralized in offices where all the work is done. Disaster preparedness must be getting into the local communities teaching people future likely crisis to loom with time .It must be a pilot survey carried out and made aware of before its burst and boom.
Cholera is more epidemically effective than Typhoid. The fact that Typhoid is in three types, Typhoid, Typhoid Fever and Para- Typhoid would make it more likely to attack several times than Cholera because Typhoid and Malaria are more closely linked to HIV and AIDS Immune suppression.
In high epidemic parts of Africa like in EKPOMA Nigeria, qualitative research reveals that 80% of such patients were linked to HIV and AIDS .Zimbabwe has challenges ahead. Health delivery could remain its perpetual curse compromising more on its national budget .It tells a lot about its likely future attack in an expanding population.
International Trade Centre launches SheTrades Zambia
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
..Women entrepreneurs in Zambia to benefit from training and market
links to boost business competitiveness
By Wallace Mawire
With the establishment of SheTrades Zambia, ITC will work with Zambian
women entrepreneurs to improve their competitiveness and strengthen
their opportunities to access regional and international markets.
Launched in partnership with the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF),
SheTrades Zambia will also conduct a data-mapping survey on women
entrepreneurs to identify their specific needs.
‘Women entrepreneurs in Zambia have tremendous potential to be drivers
of growth,’ said ITC Executive Director Arancha González. ‘With
SheTrades Zambia we will work in partnership with the government, the
business community and with the EIF to better identify what these
women need to improve their competitiveness and take their businesses
to the global marketplace.’
SheTrades Zambia aims to spur economic growth and job creation for
women-owned businesses in Zambia by expanding their role in the local
and regional economy as well as in international trade. Working with
national and international partners, women entrepreneurs in Zambia
will have the opportunity to improve their competency through tailored
in-person and online training workshops, and mentoring sessions.
SheTrades Zambia will work alongside the country’s Ministry of
Commerce, Trade and Industry to ensure activities are in line with the
country’s national development strategies.
Zambia’s Minister of Commerce, Trade and Industry Hon. Christopher
Yaluma said: ‘We can empower our women entrepreneurs by leveraging
multilateral partnerships and linking export ready women entrepreneurs
to buyers, partners and investors across the globe.’
Annette Ssemuwemba, EIF Deputy Executive Director, said: ‘The EIF is
pleased to be part of this new partnership in Zambia focusing on the
economic empowerment of women. Access to local, regional and global
markets can have a life-changing effect on women and their families
from the resulting reduction in poverty and income increases. We see
SheTrades Zambia serving as a catalyst so that women become inspired,
informed drivers of trade.’
To further address challenges women entrepreneurs face, Stanbic Bank
Zambia will be partnering with SheTrades Zambia to address
gender-specific challenges hampering expansion and business growth.
The bank will strengthen its offering to women entrepreneurs including
by providing easier access to finance, facilitating training workshops
on financial literacy, and providing assistance to ensure exposure for
women Zambian entrepreneurs at international trade fairs through the
bank’s Anakazi Banking programme.
Stanbic Bank Chief Executive Officer Leina Gabaraane said that
“Stanbic Bank recognises the role that women play in the development
of Zambia which is why we remain committed to supporting their
economic empowerment through innovative products and customised
services like the Anakazi Banking initiative.
Anakazi Banking was created to boost women’s involvement in business
and entrepreneurship by providing them with tools they need to succeed
in business, including easier access to convenient banking, finance as
well as business knowledge.
The initiative involves intensive training, mentoring and networking
events to build knowledge in management and access to markets, and
help women set up businesses. The programme serves women as individual
customers targeting students, civil servants and women professionals.”
Since joining the Global Banking Alliance for Women – the only global
consortium of financial institutions dedicated to supporting banks as
they design banking products that capture the opportunity of the
women’s market – Stanbic has extended the value of having access to a
broad network of organisations worldwide that have the expertise and
experience necessary to launch and embed a successful Women’s Market
proposition to its female clients.
The bank chief noted that Stanbic was keen on partnering with ITC to
launch SheTrades Zambia because the initiative aligned perfectly with
the bank’s desire to move women entrepreneurs in Zambia to the next
“We are excited to be partnering ITC in bringing SheTrades to Zambia
because their objectives match our commitment to women empowerment in
We believe that through concerted efforts, Zambia can eliminate the
barriers to business for women and in doing so we would be helping
women entrepreneurs move to the next level and reach their full
potential in terms of contribution to national development,” Mr
Harare residents pressure group says City of Harare criminally liable for the spread of cholera
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
By Wallace Mawire
A Harare residents pressure group, the Harare Residents Trust (HRT) says that the City of Harare is criminally liable for the death of people in Harare since the beginning of the cholera outbreak which is reported to have killed at least 20 people by now.
The Harare Residents Trust (HRT) says that it has been to different communities interviewing the residents about the cholera outbreak that has befallen the residents in Glenview and Budiriro suburbs.
“ It has been noticed that residents have placed their reports for sewage but nothing was done as the sewage are all over the streets posing a danger to the community. Dozens of council workers have died due to absence of safety clothing and injection that protect them from tetanus and cholera. Based on our observations the City of Harare is bleeding from inside with its senior management conniving to destroy
the council from inside, thus they deliberately make costly decisions,” HRT said.
The trust added that the result is that thousands of ratepayers are at risk of contracting typhoid and cholera. They says that the situation is desperate and hopeless as no one is attending to resident`s sewage reports.
HRT says that according to informed sources in the City of Harare, all sewage reports that have been reported in Highfield, Glen Norah, Mufakose, Budiriro and Dzivarasekwa have not been attended to because of council workers unpronounced strike over deteriorating working conditions, lack of protective clothing and genuine fears of their own health, safety and security.
The trust adds that the council workers in Harare Water Department are entitled to two gumboots pairs, three work suits, a pair of gloves and mouth guards at the beginning of every year.
It is added that they must also be injected with an injection which protects the workers against tetanus and cholera but this has not happened leading to workers boycotting to go and attend sewage cases brought by ratepayers.
“This has been ongoing for the past three months. Senior Council management from City Health Department and Harare Water are now trying to cover up their criminal neglect of duty by giving the council workers part of their needs which must be availed at the beginning of the year,” HRT said.
It is further added that sources close to the authorities disclosed that only last Friday 7 September 2018, workers responsible for sewerage were given one pair of work suit each, covering 2017 which means for 2018 they are yet to be given.
“This shows that the council does not even care for its workers at all. There is flowing sewerage in front of the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education offices in Old Highfield along 28th Street, and five people at 2717 Jerusalem, in Highfield are bedridden owing to the outbreak. Sewerage bursts across high density suburbs are threatening the safety and security of the residents, and the City of Harare has to be constantly communicating with the ratepayers on the situation on
the ground,” HRT said.
The Harare Residents Trust says that it has consistently rebuked the City of Harare for its neglect of duty by prioritizing luxury over essential service provision. Residents in high density suburbs have experienced blocked sewers which flow along their streets and roads.
It is reported that there are plus 207 reports made to the local district offices since mid- July 2018 which have been ignored and no one in council has bothered to explain that their workers have been on strike during the period over non provision of protective clothing and poor working conditions which led to the outbreak of the deadly cholera in Glen View and Budiriro.
According to the City Health Department , 16 people had died as at 10 September 2018 since the genesis of the outbreak of Cholera in Harare first reported on 6 September 2018. The HRT says that it urges the Harare Water and City Health
Departments to closely monitor the situation on the ground and to provide all the necessary equipment to the workers.
“Most importantly the HRT urges Harare Water Department to expedite the process of responding to residents reports on sewage bursts and water shortages,”.
Africa Arrives: New Guide to the “World’s Hottest Market” Proves Africa is Open for Business!
September 13, 2018 | 0 Comments
United Kingdom – When asking businesspeople and economists to name a continent that springs to mind for its opportunities, workforce and potential to provide stable growth for the next five decades, few would say Africa.
However, investment banker Mark Byron can prove that Africa is *the* perfect continent for the rest of the world to invest in, operate from and thrive under. In his new book, ‘Africa Arrives:’ The Savvy Entrepreneur’s Guide to The World’s Hottest Market’, Byron explains why.
Finally a book has arrived that approaches the continent of Africa with a realistic sense of optimism and a forensic sense of history that renders it more vital, more accurate and more compelling than any other book—business, personal or historical—that has ever dared to take on this Gargantuan theme. Rather than merely take one narrow aspect of the African economic paradox or become another blatant “cheerleading” carte blanche to the international FDI clique, AFRICA ARRIVES is truly The Savvy Entrepreneur’s Guide to the World’s Hottest Market. From top to bottom, from beginning to end, AFRICA ARRIVES breaks down, analyses and opens up the heart and soul of 38 of Africa’s 54 Nations. And it does so in a way that is fresh, innovative, compelling and content-rich. It even takes 20 of them and rates doing business there on a basic Wall Street Stock Purchase Matrix. Buy, Strong Buy, Hold, Buy and Hold, Sell—all these common investment terms are applied to every major economy from Algeria to Botswana, from Cote d’Ivoire to Kenya.
Everything you ever wanted to know and more is included in this book. At this very moment, 390 Million “Afrilennials” are using technology to break out of their tribal enclaves and into a whole new world that is financially free, bullish, and (in all the best ways) replete with “Futureshock.” AFRICA ARRIVES is also the first book that ever uses historical forensics to dive into the complex Matrix that is Africa’s Colonial History, how it has come out of Foreign Aid (and “death by good intentions”) to become the economic force of the future. Alive with anagrams, it uses BRICS, STICKS and NO-STRINGS and gives them a whole new meaning, replete with profiles of several Africapitalists and movers and shakers of the world. A warts and all book that brings you a realistic look at the future, AFRICA ARRIVES has landed with a whole new World of perspectives. And it’s mutable.
This book will appeal to:
1) Young internationally intensive entrepreneurs and growing companies looking to develop Africa as a robust new market.
2) Foreign Direct Investment wanting a truly in-depth look at what is best and most diverse in Africa’s Top 20 Emerging Markets…and some of the risks those entail.
3) The hundreds of thousands of African expatriates looking to markets such as Nigeria, Kenya, South Africa and Mozambique as platforms for the recent spate of “reverse diaspora” back to the Sub Sahara that is presently sweeping the world.
4) Forbes, Fortune and Business Weekly financial shakers and movers looking for a comprehensive analysis of Africa that cuts through the veneer while offering a solid framework for doing business on the Continent.
5) Any business and marketing directed person looking for a cautionary tale on how to navigate this varied economic landscape with intelligence and a sense of self-preservation.
“This book is perfect for foreign Investors, diasporas and Institutions looking to invest in Africa,” explains the author. “In fact, I’ve also included lists of verified contacts that readers can tap into; individuals who can help them grow and thrive under this new frontier that is tipped to be strong and growing for the next 50 years. It’s an opportunity they won’t want to miss.”
Continuing, “Africa’s economic landscape is extremely varied which, while requiring a solid game plan to navigate, is rich with opportunity across all sectors. To date, the book has been extremely well received, and I’m excited to see how it empowers people to invest in Africa, its resources and its amazing people.”
Indeed, reviews have been glowing. Grady Harp comments, “AFRICA ARRIVES is meeting with kudos from around the globe. The riches of that huge continent are immeasurable but this learned book present the potential of that great continent to the economic atmosphere of the world. This is a fascinating and highly informative book not only for entrepreneurs but also for all lay people excited about the rise of the importance of Africa. Highly Recommended.”
JA Armstrong adds, “This book reads like a listing of the who’s who in African business circles, highlighting important figures in each country, up and coming businesses as well as international companies who have chosen to come and stay. Each country is showcased with their strengths and where they stand on the FDI listing. This indicates to us as Investors whether we should simply buy, or hold, or even both.”
AFRICA ARRIVES: The Savvy Entrepreneur’s Guide to The World’s Hottest Market is available now: https://amzn.to/2KqQ7LX.
About the Authors:
Mark Byron is a successful British/Nigerian investment banker who takes us on a journey through this phenomenal Economic Giant—from the financial corridors of Cairo to the petroleum politics of Lagos, from the real-estate/construction boom in Cape Town and to the high tech revolutions in Nairobi, Dar es Salaam and Accra.
Robert Joseph Ahola Is an author, playwright and screenwriter who lives in Malibu, California. He has authored a number of published and/or produced plays, including HIGH TEA/With His Excellency, Judas Agonistes, Pavlov’s Cats, The Decline and Fall of Us All, Death by Helium and NARCISSUS: The Last Days of Lord Byron. Along with AFRICA ARRIVES, Mr. Ahola is an author/co-author of sixteen published books including The Silent Healer, The Return of the Hummingbird Wizard, I, Dragon, The HEDGE, Delusion is Good, and the upcoming fantasy novel, The Drums of Azure Skye.