Oil and gas
Africa is home to five of the world’s top oil-producing countries, with an estimated 57 percent of Africa’s export earnings from hydrocarbons.
- Algeria, Angola, Cameroon, Chad, Republic of Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Libya, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and Mozambique are all rich in oil and gas.
- Proven oil reserves have grown by almost 150 percent, increasing from 53.4 billion barrels since 1980, to 130.3 billion barrels by the end of 2012.
- The region is home to five of the top 30 oil-producing countries in the world, and nearly $2tn of investments are expected by 2036.
Besides oil and gas, Africa is rich in precious minerals, forests and:
- Diamonds: Angola, Botswana, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo.
- Gold: Benin, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Mali, South Africa, Tanzania.
- Nickel and Uranium: Burundi.
- Pozzolana: Cape Verde.
- Fish: Comoros, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritius, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles.
- Timber: Liberia.
- Titanium: Gambia.
- Graphite: Madagascar.
- Tobacco: Malawi.
- Iron Ore: Mauritania.
- Phosphates: Western Sahara, Morocco.
- Aluminium and Gas: Guinea, Mozambique.
- Cooper: Uganda, Zambia.
- *Source Al Jazeera