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How to Prevent Total Disaster in South Sudan

August 23, 2014

After half a year of fighting, the world’s newest country is barreling toward calamity. But its leaders can pull it back from the brink — if they choose to do so.   BY Rajiv Shah , Valerie Amos , Kristalina Georgieva , Børge Brende* [caption id="attachment_11266" align="alignleft" width="300"]Photo by SAMIR BOL/AFP/Getty Images Photo by SAMIR BOL/AFP/Getty Images[/caption] For more than seven months now, South Sudan has been at war with itself. A power struggle among members of the ruling elite has plunged the nation into a human catastrophe of alarming proportions. Three years after South Sudanese celebrated their nation’s independence, they are watching their hard-won struggle for peace slip away. Those who voted for the right to make their own way in the world as a sovereign people are victims yet again — this time to an abject failure of leadership. Opportunity after opportunity to end the senseless fighting has come and gone. Despite the valiant mediation efforts of the region’s Intergovernmental Authority on Development in East Africa and the United Nations, a cessation of hostilities signed in January and a recommitment to a peace process made in May have not been met. Deadlines pass without actions. Meanwhile, the fighting continues, and suffering worsens. Today, a deadly cholera outbreak threatens thousands of people; more than 1.7 million people have been driven from their homes; and the looming shadow of famine grows closer every day. On the ground, our aid workers are reporting children arriving in camps with hair that has turned red — a telltale sign of life-threatening malnutrition. More than half of the population — 7.3 million people — live with hunger, and 50,000 children could die this year if emergency aid does not reach them. South Sudan now faces the worst food security crisis in the world, but even the risk of starvation has not been enough to bring about peace. Both parties to the conflict — the government and the opposition — have consistently blocked the movement of lifesaving humanitarian assistance, preventing aid groups from reaching the most vulnerable people by road or river. Airlifting food, water, and medicine, which is the only means to provide essential supplies in these circumstances, is not feasible over the long-term, and it limits the number of people who can be reached. The international community is responding with vigor to this crisis, but the challenges are staggering.   Nearly half of South   Sudan’s people are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance. With the planting season lost and the rainy season underway, more than half of the country is now inaccessible by land or potentially cut off from food, water, or medical care. In April, we issued a Call for Action on South Sudan urging action on three critical fronts: an immediate end to the fighting, an increase in humanitarian funding to help people cope with the crisis, and for all parties to respect international humanitarian law. In May, we met in Oslo with representatives from South Sudan’s government and the opposition. We demonstrated our support and concern with concrete action, pledging more than $610 million in new funding for both South Sudan and the region — a tremendous level of support when emergencies from Iraq and Syria to the Central African Republic have put a staggering number of people in need of help. A true cease-fire that leads to peace, reconciliation, and accountability is the clear path to a safer and better future for the people of South Sudan, and it is high time for the government and opposition to show leadership, make compromises, and establish a Transitional Government of National Unity as they have agreed to do. These leaders have an obligation to protect their people and to bring the country back from disaster and the brink of famine. We will continue to support such an endeavor — delivering lifesaving assistance, supporting negotiations, and strengthening the resilience of communities as they hope, one day soon, to rebuild. Without peace, however, the toll of human suffering will only continue to grow. Enough fighting. Enough death. Enough delays. It is time to lead. *Source FP]]>

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One response to “How to Prevent Total Disaster in South Sudan”

  1. David Shang says:

    WHAT A LEGITIMACY DOES SALVA KIIR’S BRUTAL REGIME HAS IN SOUTH SUDAN?
    To Salva Kiir, your domestic,regional,and international lobbying or conspiracy against the Nuer Society won’t rescues your genocidal regime from demising. Whether you import those mercenaries from Ugandan Army (UPDF),Egypt,China,Russia, African Union Peacekeepers Forces and four groups of Sudan’s rebels ( JEM,SLM,SRF & SPLA-N ) to shield your cowards tribe/ brutal regime against mighty Nuer warriors in pretext to prevented their retaliatory revenges won’t prevent our causes of fighting for freedoms ( expression/speech/movement),democratic federal system,good governance, equality, human rights and to bring responsible/transferable/accountable Government in South Sudan.
    Hence, IGAD members countries must refrain from being dogmatic rather than being mediators for resolution of 8 months conflicts. The IGAD members are Not neutral so far because their boss bossy Yoweri Kaguta Museveni had already interfered or meddled in our own affairs by sided with brutal government of his mentor/puppet Salva Kiir Mayardit .
    I am appealing to globe peace lovers, friends of South Sudan TROIKA, EU, USA,Norway,UNSC, African Union plus our international community to strongly condemn and denounce such regional lobbying against one ethnic group the Nuer by South Sudan President Salva Kiir ,his stooge cabinet and opportunist IGAD bloc and to view the IGAD’s imposed document dominated by Museveni of Uganda ideas.
    Therefore,I think, IGAD members countries should facilitate the peace negotiation between SPLM in Opposition and SPLM pro government but not to decide on behalf of two warring parties if they want to resolved peacefully the feudal war in South Sudan.
    Therefore,comrades in struggles,Salva Kiir government is illegitimate for the following reasons:
    First, Salva Kiir is illegal President who came to power by accident when our hero Dr John Garang de Mabior died in helicopter crashed on 30 July 2005. Hence,Kiir Mayardit had lost his legitimacy as the President after he had ministered a genocide against his own citizens the Nuer whom elected him into incumbent Office. Thereby, Kiir massacred 20,000 Nuer civilians due to political struggles within the ruling party SPLM with Dr Machar who hails from Nuer ethnic group.
    Secondly, Salva Kiir was not legitimate elected President within the Republic of South Sudan ( RSS) but within GOSS during interim government,he was elected without strong challenger when two Sudans were one as the means to implemented CPA and Not to interrupted the South Sudan referendum at the time. Dr Riek Machar Teny whom Salvatore hates to death today was his running mate in 2010 national election but due to his insincerity, incumbency or dishonesty,he had dishonored their gentleman agreement by stabbed him at his back mercilessly.
    Thirdly, Salva Kiir had unconstitutionally dismantled the main organs of ruling Party SPLM without informed the executive members from SPLM Politico- bureau, National Liberation Council (NLC) and SPLM Secretariats at grass roots levels which is the main genesis of this current feudal/tribal/political/economical war in South Sudan fueled by disarmament of Nuer boys in SPLA by their colleagues from Dinka tribe within Tiger battalion on 15/12/2013.
    Fourthly, he lost his legacy as former freedom fighter, liberator and founder of SPLM/A after violated South Sudan Constitution by betrayed SPLA combatants in which his painful regime imported illegally the hired mercenaries from neighbor countries like Uganda, M23 of Congo, Darfur JEM/SLM rebels, and SRF of Nuba Mts and Aghasna SPLA-N of South Blue Nile to defended our national Constitution, territorial integrity,and its sovereignty instead of our gallantry South Sudan National Army SPLA.
    Fifthly, Salva Kiir ordered Museveni’s UPDF airforces to use forbidden dangerous weapons against his country men/women/children who believed to side with SPLA in Opposition as the way to silent Dr Machar ‘s loyalists- the gallantry SPLA in Opposition and White Army Nuer warriors or meant to eliminated or wipe out Nuer tribe from South Sudan map
    Sixth,Salva Kiir regime since day one in office had establish Dinka dominated institutions which badly failed to tackles rampant corruptions,overwhelm widen insecurities across the country for instant wanton killings around cities and cattle rustlings in remote rural areas,growing tribalism,nepotism,clanism,chronic hatreds,imbalance in government where his own clan are dominance.All these factors led level South Sudan as a failed State number 1 globally.
    Finally, Salva Kiir because of his incapability, incompetency,flip flop, puppeteers, alcoholic addicted, arrogance, and lack of leadership skills, vision,value, mission and political determination had made him incompetent either politically, militarily and diplomatically.
    Warning! My message goes to bribed IGAD member countries dragged by notorious killer Yoweri Museveni of Uganda whom hold meeting in Kampala with President Uruhu Kenyata and their puppet Salva Kiir whereby the three corrupted leaders draft the damn imposed agenda against our freedom fighters. Who will buy that illegal document? Non.
    I am hereby also giving a strong warning to our cousin Dinka Bahr el Ghazal and others to refrain from importing foreigners whatsoever it may takes to fight Nuer warriors on their behalf.Otherwise it will backfire later when the Nuer got power in the future.

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